Hypocalcaemia In Children: Causes And Remedies
Hypocalcaemia in children needs great care because it is a condition in which the calcium in the blood decreases, causing disorders and tends to increase over time, which can lead to shrinkage, muscle aches, and heart rhythm disorders. , increases tendon reflexes, feels like a needle pricking the skin, especially the hands and feet.
What is hypocalcaemia?
Hypoglycemia, also called hypoglycemia, is the term used to refer to a condition where the level of calcium in the blood is below the normal limit, the total serum concentration is less than 8.8 mg / dl.
Hypocalcaemia may be encountered in all subjects
Causes of hypocalcaemia in children
There are many possible causes for low blood calcium in children.
In particular, to mention a few main causes:
- Children do not get enough calcium: from when the baby is in the womb or when born but the baby does not get enough calcium, it is easy to lead to this condition.
When hypocalcaemia, children often cry at night
- Hypothyroidism can lead to hypocalcaemia
- Lack of vitamin D: insufficient supply of vitamin D or children with little exposure to sunlight causes disorders of vitamin D metabolism leading to hypocalcemia
There may also be a few other causes such as sepsis, side effects of the drug, due to increased extravascular calcium deposition ...
Manifestations of children with hypocalcaemia
The symptoms of low blood calcium deficiency in children depend on the severity of the disease, and may include signs such as:
- When sleeping, children are startled and each time there are cries, cramps, body, red and purple face, crying can last for hours or all night. The more you comfort, the more lulls, the more you breastfeed the more you can stop breathing in your crying.
- Children with low blood calcium or laryngospasm have difficulty breathing, hiccups, vomiting,
- If not treated well, the long term will affect the skeletal system and cause early rickets, bone deformation, scoliosis, ...
- In the case of severe calcium deficiency can stop breathing, there are episodes of increased heart rate and can cause heart failure, even death.
Parents should let their children sunbathe every day to enhance absorption of vitamin D
Supplement calcium and vitamin D for children
When children have hypocalcaemia, parents need to supplement calcium as well as vitamin D to increase the absorption of calcium better:
- Need for children to eat more calcium-rich foods such as fish, shrimp, seafood, dairy products, animal bones, vegetables, broccoli ...
Sunbathe every day in the early morning as well as participate in outdoor activities to enhance the ability to synthesize vitamin D
- Can supplement calcium and vitamin D with functional foods, milk, supplements ...
Measures to prevent hypocalcemia for children
Hypocalcaemia seriously affects the health of the baby, resulting in rickets, retardation height. Therefore, disease prevention plays a very important role.
- In the diet of the baby should add more calcium-rich foods to provide enough calcium for the body's needs. These foods include: seafood such as shrimp, crabs, green vegetables such as vegetables, broccoli or dairy products and cheese ..
- Right from the first months of life, should let your baby sunbathing every day to enhance metabolism of vitamin D helps minimize the situation of low blood calcium in children.. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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