Overview Of Upper Respiratory Diseases In Cats
Sadly, upper respiratory disease is one of the causes of death for cats. To address this malignancy, the Morris Animal Foundation (MAF) awarded grants to the College of Veterinary Medicine at Oregon State University and Dr. Brianna Beechler - a veterinary researcher for them to study. specialize in this disease.
Beechler and fellow veterinarian Dr
Images of upper and lower respiratory tract in cats.
As for the research of MAF:
Trying to identify which bacteria are directly related to the disease is extremely difficult because the cat's microflora (a collection of bacteria living inside and outside the body) is strongly influenced by the environment and The cats live around them.
The researchers identified the bacteria that live in the upper respiratory tract (in the eyes, nose, mouth) of cats with chronic illness and compare their microflora with healthy cats in the same way. home.
Understanding the mechanisms of the bacteria in two groups of infected and healthy cats can help identify new monitoring measures, pathogens and viable therapies to treat this complex disease.
Respiratory is one of the most common diseases in cats.
🔸 Wheezing cat is a sign of pulmonary edema?
Comparison of upper respiratory tract between weak and healthy cats in the same home
Study subjects were cats from households with at least one animal with signs of chronic upper respiratory tract infection and at least one uninfected
If the two cats share the same bacterial pattern, the researchers will try to determine if the creatures behave differently. The ultimate goal is to know if the bacteria will make cats more susceptible or resistant. Then identify cats at risk for upper respiratory disease and track them. The results of this study can also be widely applied to other diseases.
The researchers will also look at cats' gut microbiota, because according to MAF, "there is compelling evidence that gut bacteria are able to influence the spread of respiratory disease." steaming on. "
Research on respiratory disease in cats is often done to find an effective treatment.
How is upper respiratory disease in cats spread?
Upper respiratory disease in cats is a complex syndrome that can affect the eyes, nose, sinuses, throat and mouth
. There are several different types of bacteria and viruses that cause upper respiratory disease in kittens, but the two most common are herpes 1 virus (which causes nasopharyngitis) and calicillin virus. Cats live in densely populated environments, such as in houses with lots of cats, in breeding facilities that are highly susceptible to viral infections.
The cat-to-cat virus infection process occurs when an infected cat's nose or eye discharge is transmitted to other cats through normal activities such as grooming each other or sleeping close to each other. Infection can also be spread through toys, food bowls or when humans come into contact with an infected cat and then touch other cats.
If you are new to cats or pick up feral cats, you need to isolate them from the cats you are keeping at least 30 days. This will help determine if the new cat has an upper respiratory infection in the cat and prevent the infection of other cats.
The virus is the most contagious respiratory disease when two cats are in constant contact with each other.
Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of upper respiratory disease in cats
The most common symptom of this type of disease is sneezing
. Other symptoms include runny or runny nose, conjunctivitis, stuffy nose, fever, lethargy and decreased or complete loss of appetite.
Upper respiratory tract virus in cats is usually diagnosed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test. This test can identify which viruses exist in the cat's body, and this is extremely important because the symptoms of other serious illnesses such as heart disease, asthma and some fungal infections may be similar. symptoms of upper respiratory infection.
Without careful health checks, the respiratory virus will affect the health of cats in the long run.
Usually, upper respiratory viruses in cats will develop 1 to 4 weeks after infection. During this period, cats will feel sick and reduce their appetite because they cannot smell food - which stimulates their taste buds. A cat's lack of appetite can have serious consequences, most notably fatty liver
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