What Is Diabetes (diabetes) In Cats?

Diabetes (diabetes) in cats, abbreviated as diabetes, is a chronic condition due to a deficiency of insulin hormone which weakens the body's ability to metabolize sugar. This is one of the most common endocrine diseases of cats. See also: Early warning signs of diabetic cats
There are two types of diabetes in cats. Type I diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin. That may be the result of the destruction of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. It is also a major cause of cat diabetes, with about 50 to 70% of cats diagnosed with the disease. Treatment for type I diabetes will require direct injection of insulin into the body.
Type II diabetes involves a cat's inability to respond to insulin, usually caused by overweight or an unbalanced diet

About 30% of cats are diagnosed with type II diabetes

. This type of diabetes is treated with diet management, weight control and medication.
Type 2 diabetes is a serious disease and requires timely treatment in cats.
Approximately 20% of cats are diagnosed with "temporary" diabetes. This means that after being diagnosed and treated, they will recover in a few months or years.
Diabetes occurs in middle-aged cats to older cats, both sexes; however, male cats are at a higher risk. Diabetes can also occur in cats under the age of one year, called juvenile diabetes. In short, all ages and all cats are at risk of diabetes

Cat diabetes is caused by high blood sugar or insufficient glucose supply to tissues or changes in the body's metabolism

.
Factors that can cause diabetes in cats may include obesity, recurrent pancreatitis, Cushing's disease or insulin-resistant medications like glucocorticoids and progestogens.
Diabetes is dangerous because the disease will destroy the internal organs of cats.
Pay special attention if your cat exhibits the following symptoms:
More thirsty
Pee more
Losing weight even though the diet is not unusual
Listless
Poor body condition
Weakness - especially in the hind legs and may interfere with standing
>>> READ MORE: TOP ARTICLES OR TIPS <<< Is catnip (catnip) dangerous? Do cats have periods? What are the symptoms of kidney disease in cats? Why do cats stop eating? In-depth information about cats diabetes The most prominent symptom of diabetes / diabetes in cats is severe thirst and polyuria (polyuria) or weight loss despite no abnormalities in the diet. There are other diseases that also exhibit these symptoms: Kidney failure prevents cats from concentrating urine. See also: A handbook for information on kidney failure in cats Hormonal disorders, including excess or lack of steroids (hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism), diuretic hormone deficiency (diabetes mellitus or polyuria) and excess thyroid hormone. Liver failure and other types of cancer prevent the kidneys from concentrating urine Urinary tract infections can increase the frequency of urination and incontinence, sometimes indiscriminate urination. Urinary tract infections are often associated with diabetes because the bacteria live well in thin and sugary urine. Losing weight even though there is no abnormal in the diet, so cats can suffer from intestinal disease, impaired digestive enzymes, kidney disease, excess thyroid hormone or cancer

.
Diet greatly affects cats' diabetes.
Complications or conditions that cats also have with diabetes may include:
Urinary tract infection is caused by thin and sugar-containing urine
Infection in other parts of the body, including gums
Acidosis (low blood pH) is caused by the production of ketones when the body tries to energize tissues when glucose is not metabolized well. Ketones are made up of fatty acids when the body believes it is hungry.
Diabetic ketoacidosis, the most serious form of diabetes, leads to severe changes in blood chemistry, including an imbalance in chemicals such as electrolytes.
Cataracts due to abnormal accumulation of sugar in the eye. Treatment for diabetes will not get your eyes back but will require eye surgery.
Pancreatitis can occur in the same organ that produces insulin. Occasionally severe episodes of pancreatitis can damage organs and cause diabetes but pancreatitis can also occur in animals that already have diabetes

. Pancreatitis can range from mild abdominal pain to life-threatening disorders, and anorexia is the most common clinical sign of pancreatitis.
Hyperthyroidism is an excess of steroid hormones that can accompany and complicate diabetes in older cats. Hyperthyroidism is not caused by diabetes, but if left untreated it will make the elimination of diabetes more difficult. This disease is very rare in cats.
🆗 How to successfully raise cats for newbies
How to diagnose diabetes in cats
Diagnostic tests for cats should be performed to identify the underlying cause of hyperglycemia and recommend treatment. Diagnostic tests may include:
Complete medical history and examination.

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