Secrets Behind The Doors Of The Kremlin
The Kremlin - which represents the history of Russia - is largely designed by Italian architects at the same time as Leonardo da Vinci.
Secrets behind the doors of the Kremlin
During the eight centuries of existence, the Kremlin has witnessed many ups and downs of Russian history. This stronghold has exceptionally ancient structures, including the sacred Dormition church dating back to 1479. The paved square around the building is a frequent destination for most visitors. The area also includes two other churches, a 16th-century bell tower and a palace that looks like a giant jewel, according to the Independent
Over time, the fortress had repeatedly stood on the brink of collapse due to Mongol raids and civil wars, but the princes of Moscow learned to stand up and gradually build up. Photo: En.Wiki
Established in the 12th century, this fort originally consisted of a series of wooden castles and churches perched on a hill between two riverbanks.
Its fortification is not only located in ugly clay wooden walls, but also in the secluded location in the middle of a dense primitive forest.
When the Mongol empire began to fall apart in the 15th century, Moscow's stronghold became the dominant military force in the region.
The Kremlin of the present began to be formed from this point. Built on the orders of Prince Ivan III, this castle was not based on local technology. Futuristic symbol of the Russian state was designed by the Italians of Leonardo da Vinci's contemporary.
The red square is right next to the Kremlin. Photo: Onthegotours
Over the course of 50 years, starting in the 1470s, these foreigners turned Ivan's fading stronghold into an architectural masterpiece.
They started with the Dormition Church, which must be designed to conform to Orthodox precepts and beliefs.
The Italians designed the core and walls of the Kremlin, but its towers were not completed until much later. As important records were lost, it is surmised that the author of the famous Savior Tower (clock tower) may be an Englishman. By the end of the 17th century, the Russian civil war destroyed half of the castle and left the construction partially unfinished.
Under the new Romanov dynasty, the Kremlin turned into a bloody fortress with brutal purges. The tsar (Russian lords) had to rely on James I and craftsmen from the British Isles to help Russia refurbish the castle. It may not be known who built the tower, but the clock on the tower was certainly designed by a Scottish person.
Artistic decoration was brought in, the Italian-style walls surrounding the fortress were erected, as well as a series of low-rise buildings linked by raised aisles making it a luxurious maze.
. Photo: Onthegotours.
The Russian value in this structure was somewhat overwhelmed by foreign designs until the 1840s, when the Great Kremlin was built for Nicholas I. It was designed by a Russian architect and himself. Also built up the Armory Chamber (Armory Chamber) - where the museum of Russian royal treasures.
These vast structures make up a large part of the southwestern corner of the present Kremlin. The Presidential Building, with its high-rise dome visible from Red Square, is a neoclassical masterpiece designed in the 1770s. Despite its breathtaking garden, artistic statues, Or the oval hall, this is not the place to visit.
In modern times, this historic building is only undergoing renovation projects instead of new construction. The latest construction effort dates back to the Boris Yeltsin period (1990s of the last century), when he ordered the demolition of an area that used to be a dining room and bathroom to rebuild the Red Staircase. These covered steps - which once let ancient lords descend from their palaces - represent the rebirth of Russia.
According to Truong Dang / Vnexpress
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