Causes And Symptoms Of Children Infected With Helminths
Infection with helminths, though a simple common disease, can lead to serious complications for children. Parents should pay attention to abnormal symptoms in children for early detection and timely treatment
1. Causes of children infected with helminths
In our country now there are 70-80% of children infected with helminths. Causes of helminth infections are also diverse. Children may become infected with the worms due to the following:
Eating unhygienic, uncooked foods: Raw vegetables, tubers, fruits, fresh dishes (raw fish salad, raw oysters, rare beef, etc.) pose a potential risk for helminth larvae. such as pig tapeworm, cow tapeworm, dog tapeworm, liver tapeworm, .
Raw or undercooked foods can cause infections for babies
No deworming: Many parents often put up the problem of periodic deworming for children.
. Children in the developmental stage, like to play, active, less resistant than adults so making them very sensitive to pathogens. Parents should pay attention to periodic deworming for children and the whole family to prevent spreading the disease.
Play with pets: Animals are hosts for many types of helminths that cause dangerous diseases, so children who play with pets infected with helminths are at a very high risk of infection. In addition, eggs of worms, tapeworms in animal's faeces and persist for a long time in the environment are also sources of disease to humans.
Poor hygiene, not good hygiene: worm larvae and tapeworms not only enter the body through the gastrointestinal tract but they also have the ability to penetrate through exposed, scratched or injured skin
Failure to preserve the environment: Beds, mattresses, sheets, mats, children's playgrounds, etc. Unclean hygiene is one of the very common causes of helminths. Therefore, parents need to have hygiene measures such as washing blankets, mosquito nets, pillows and mats regularly, keeping their homes and gardens clean, free from defecation and littering.
Children who come into contact with an infected person: A person who is infected when he / she is playing, eating and drinking with children can spread the germs to children. Pinworms are usually transmitted in this way.
2. Symptoms of a child infected with helminths
Children infected with pinworms often have itchy anal area at night
Children in developing countries and tropical countries, including Vietnam, often suffer from roundworms (ascariasis), pinworms (pinworm), hookworms (hookworm), hairworms (trichuris) When children are infected with different types of helminths, the symptoms will be different. There are many cases of children infected with 2 to 3 types of worms, tapeworms at once. Common manifestations of children infected with worms, flukes:
Pinworms: The most characteristic symptom when a child is infected with pinworms is itchy anal area at night. Because this is the time when the pinworms go to the edge of the anus to give itchiness, which makes it easy for children to lose sleep, bedwetting and causing discomfort at night. In addition, parents may see tiny red spots around the anus due to pinworms on the child's anal edge.
Ascaris: The characteristic symptom of ascariasis is Loeffler syndrome accompanied by shortness of breath when a dry cough is present.
. When the X-ray will show very clear picture of lung infiltration. Children infected with ascariasis often have signs such as: abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, nausea, vomiting, indigestion, headache, possibly accompanied by edema, rash There may also be signs such as cramps, bloating, and seizures.
Hookworm: hookworm disease is divided into three periods: Infiltration period: when the larvae go through the skin, the young skin will have red, needle-like nodules, itchy feeling and often disappear after 3 to 4 days. Period of travel: larvae move to the lungs, the symptoms are often silent, manifest unclear, can cause dry cough, no phlegm, hoarseness and difficulty pronouncing. At the onset of thrombosis: the child manifests as digestive disorders (constipation, diarrhea, duodenitis, ..), anemia.
Hairworm: If the child only has a mild infection, there are usually no symptoms. But if your child is severely ill, he or she may have the following clinical symptoms: abdominal pain accompanied by diarrhea, rectal prolapse, anemia
The situation of helminth infection in our country is currently at an alarmingly high level.
Therefore, parents need to take measures to prevent disease effectively. First of all, it is necessary to eliminate habits that make children susceptible to diseases, build a safe and healthy life. In addition, parents need to pay attention to the abnormal manifestations of the child to promptly detect the disease and should periodically deworming for children every 6 months.
To protect children from the causes of health effects, parents need to monitor and take children to see a doctor when signs of abnormalities.
Contact advice and reservation with Parasitic specialists.
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