Schistosomiasis, Signs And Prevention
Parasitical Worms.com Diagnosis is determined by seeing sparganum larvae from the wound. Clinical and prehistoric images of frog meat, eye-copying as well as the habit of eating undercooked snakes, mice, and eels are important factors for diagnosis.
Doctor: Le Thi Huong Giang
Medical Consultation: Dr. Doctor
What is schistosomiasis infection?
The disease is caused by stage II larvae (sparganum is a tapeworm larva) of Spirometra mansoni, a type of tapeworm parasites of dogs, cats ..., caused; is related to the unscientific cure or people's eating
Signs identify tapeworm
Symptom signs depend on the number and place of parasites
Recognize the signs of schistosomiasis from living habits
Those who have the habit of applying frog frogs to their eyes for about 10 days, the patients feel uncomfortable in the lock, the movement of the eyeballs is obstructed, some have sore eyes but some are not. Depending on the location of the parasite larva, symptoms may vary.
Signs identifying tapeworm larvae in the sockets of the eyes or behind the eyeballs: bulging, fixed eyeballs, unable to close the eyes; This often leads to conjunctivitis and corneal ulcers.
Signs identify tapeworm larvae in eyelids: inflammation, blepharitis, secondary infections. tapeworm larvae around eye sockets: hard lumps. under the skin of the forehead, jaw, temples, nose .
The process of developing schistosomiasis
Tapeworm larvae can live for years. The lesions are sometimes less inflamed, but infections can occur at any time.
When dead, the sparganum corpse causes swelling and necrotic tissue death. Patients may be hot, cold, hives, leukocytosis in the blood.
Manifestations of benign tapeworm larvae
After the tapeworm larvae pass through the intestinal wall, the tapeworm larvae migrate to the skin, which can cause pain and itching; when located it causes apxe. In addition to the skin, people can also see tapeworm larvae in the peritoneal tissue, pleura, bladder, etc.
What causes schistosomiasis?
Adult Spirometra mansoni (Spirometra erinacei) resembles Diphyllobothrium latum, pé size, parasite in small intestine of dogs, cats, and wild Félidés. The tapeworm eggs have the same lid as the Diphyllothothrium latum but are not symmetrical, like a rhombus
Eggs follow feces outside, in pond water, sewers, eggs hatch into embryos with silk (coracidium); The embryo swims in the water and is thrown by the red Cyclops sp. swallow. When the red larvae are eaten by tadpoles, the phase I larvae (procercoid) will become stage II larvae (sparganum) in frogs and clones.
During the French colonial period, about 80% of frogs and clones caught in the North contained sparganum, currently only about 15 - 17%. Other animals such as snakes, eels, mice, chickens ..
.. swallow red toss or eat frogs, the parasite is still only in the sparganum stage
If dogs, cats, and Félidés eat intermediate hosts II and the hosts wait for this time, the sparganum will become an adult fluke in the small intestine.
Epidemiology of schistosomiasis
This parasite (KST) is found in Southeast Asia, Japan, Indonesia, and sometimes Africa, Europe, Australia, North and South America.
People infected with skin tapeworms, frog meat, crushed into the eyes with the purpose of treating conjunctivitis. In Vietnam, especially in the North, there used to be a lot of people who had trachoma in the eyes, now only sporadic.
Eat undercooked snakes, frogs, and frogs
Drink water with Cyclops sp. tapeworm infection. After oral penetration, sparganum passes through the intestinal wall and gradually moves out of the skin. In the human body, the parasite does not develop further, still in the sparganum section, which can be 10 - 15 cm long, causing a strong inflammatory reaction.
How to diagnose schistosomiasis?
The diagnosis is confirmed by seeing sparganum larvae from the wound. Clinical and prehistoric images of frog meat, eye-copying as well as the habit of eating undercooked snakes, mice, and eels are important factors for diagnosis.
How to treat schistosomiasis?
The most effective method is to slash and pick up the sparganum larvae, which need to be changed, especially in case of eye disease. After removing all sparganum larvae, the patient fully recovered.
Prevention of schistosomiasis like?
- Drink boiled or filtered water.
- Abolishing the lack of scientific treatment such as applying frog meat, copying eyes
- Eat snakes, eels, frogs, mice .. cooked.
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