Does A Tapeworm Test Need Fasting?
There are many test indications to support accurate diagnosis. Doctors often ask patients to fast before the test. So does a tapeworm test need fasting? There is no need to fast when only testing for tapeworms.
The larvae move under the skin of a dog-infected patient
a, Blood formula:
Acute leukocytosis in the blood, or polymorphonuclear leukocytosis seen in helminthic diseases, or visceral host larvae, in invasive malaria and in abscess amoebic liver.
Leukopenia, which can be seen in Kala-azar disease and in chronic malaria
Mononucleosis syndrome is encountered in Toxoplasma disease.
Anemia syndrome is seen in many parasitic diseases such as: malaria due to erythrocyte lysis, Kala-azar due to aplasia, hookworm disease caused by iron deficiency .
b, Sedimentation blood rate: is a sign to monitor treatment in amoebic liver abscess.
c, Protid map:
Total protid, especially gamma globulin often increases in helminthic diseases and in some unicellular diseases.
. In Trypanosoma, IgM can be increased to 8-16 times higher than normal values, especially when there is IgM in the cerebrospinal fluid, the more diagnostic value is. In visceral Leighmania, blood protid increases with blood albumin decreased and IgG increased.
Indirect or specific immunological test.
Immunological diagnosis of parasitic diseases (parasites) is diagnosed late compared to other microorganisms due to difficulty in producing parasite antigens. The parasites are complex structural creatures, so tests show many cross-reactions
Serological tests may be used to diagnose disease, monitor treatment or may investigate epidemiology.
In terms of diagnosis, these techniques are used in the following cases: the parasite is still young, has not spawned, the first stage is infection with liver fluke, schistosomiasis; in the chronic stage, the cysts are cocooned like Toxoplasma; The parasite is located in deep internal organs such as tapeworms, pig rice; parasitic dead end as larvae move; Low parasitic density like Trypanosoma.
About treatment: monitoring the progress of the serum allows estimating the treatment results.
Epidemiological investigation: immunoassay is widely used due to its simple, rapid and readily available blood collection, easy storage and transportation, and the technique can be automated. baseline surveys on parasites in the community.
Antigen production is difficult because the parasite has a diverse and complex antigen. Nowadays, thanks to the manufacturers who produce quality test kits, serological diagnostics for some parasites have become commonplace
Immunological techniques can be performed with tangible antigens (intact parasites or cross-sectional patterns) or with dissolved antigens.
For some parasitic diseases, monoclonal antibodies can be used to capture circulating antigen fragments in host biological fluids.
Anti-parasitic antibodies can only be detected when the parasite has close contact with the host, such as tissue parasites such as amoeba in the liver, Toxoplasma.
Antibody titers will be high for less human-adaptive parasites such as Fasciola hepatica and will be low when the parasite is familiar to humans like ascariasis.
Humoral antibodies are immunoglobulins of type IgG, IgM, IgA, IgE.
When infection with parasites, IgM and IgA appears early in the incubation period, then IgG appears, initially the amount of IgG increases rapidly, when the peak is reached it will decrease, slow down while IgA and IgM disappear.
. The pathway for the development of antibody kinetics in the same parasites is different, but varies with the time of occurrence, the peak, and the long-term survival of toxoplasma, sometimes lifelong. Once infected with a tapeworm, the body produces antibodies in the serum, whether or not the patient eats the antibody So no need to fast still test for accurate results.
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