Fascioliasis And The Danger To The Human Body
Flukes are divided into 2 types: Fascioliasis and Fascioliasis. In this article, we will introduce a large liver fluke called Latin (Fasciola hepatica). This disease causes many complications and is dangerous for patients.
Flukes of the liver are found mainly on herbivores such as buffaloes and cows, including dogs, cats and snails. But if a person accidentally ingests food containing a large liver fluke larva, he or she will become infected with a large fluke. Fascioliasis is not likely to be directly transmitted between patients and healthy people.
Flukes are large liver in the liver
How does a liver fluke enter the liver?
The path of transmission is that the stool of an infected person goes into the environment and into the water, through snails that develop into tail larvae. Because of that reason, people are just hosts by accident when eating aquatic plants such as cilantro, coriander; eat snails when cooking liver fluke larvae that have not been destroyed; eat raw vegetables, drink undercooked water but larvae in water
In the wild, the tapeworm eggs hatch into parasitic hairy larvae in snails and develop into tail larvae The tail larvae come out of the snail, go into the water and attach to the aquatic plants that live in the water to become cysts. When people eat and drink these cysts will get sick.
After entering the stomach, duodenum, the capsule shells are destroyed and the larvae are released, the larvae penetrate the walls of the duodenum into the abdominal cavity and move to the liver, the larvae destroy the liver capsule and go into the Liver tissue for growth and development here often releases toxins that destroy liver parenchyma causing liver abscess.
After 2 to 4 months of developing in the hepatocytes, the adult flukes enter the bile ducts and continue to grow and lay eggs there for a long time (if not treated promptly, it will lead to cancer. Bile mail.
In addition, very few cases of larvae move astray, they do not go to the liver but to other organs (skin, muscles, stomach wall, colon .
Symptoms of large liver fluke
Fascioliasis is seen in all ages, the most common age is middle-aged, women have more diseases than men. Most of the symptoms are liver abscess caused by a large liver fluke that is nothing special, similar to liver abscess and other causes (due to parasites, bacteria), often tired, having mild abdominal pain in the lower right flank, sometimes dull, sometimes unexplained abdominal pain, enlarged and painful liver.
Some cases showed signs of digestive disorders such as (anorexia, diarrhea), manifested papules on the skin mainly in the thighs, buttocks, back, feeling itchy, uncomfortable.
. There are some patients with prolonged cough, chest pain. Cases of jaundice can also be caused by the flukes moving into the bile ducts and developing, causing biliary tract inflammation.
Fascioliasis is an easily diagnosed liver abscess with liver cancer.
In order to diagnose fascioliasis, it should be clinically noted about the history of eating some uncooked vegetables or eating snails when not cooked thoroughly, eating raw vegetables? And live in a place where many people have liver fluke or not?
Testing by ELISA method gives the most accurate results in all types of tests for helminths Reacting by ELISA is a simple, but reliable method. Because, when flukes enter the liver parenchyma they secrete the most antigens, 2 weeks later, the antibody (IgG and IgE) will begin to appear, if ELISA reaction is positive. Note that after 6 months of treatment, ELISA is still positive and after 12 months will completely disappear.
Principles of treatment and prevention of large liver fluke
When you know that the disease due to big liver fluke needs to be treated as soon as possible, avoid long-term dangerous complications. If the liver abscess is not treated promptly, the abscess can burst into the pleura, abdominal wall, abdominal wall causing peritonitis, poisoning is very dangerous for life.
Currently, there is a specific drug for this disease, however, it is still necessary to have the prescription and supervision of a specialist, patients should not buy drugs for treatment.
. In the case of very slow medical treatment, we can combine surgical treatment.
To prevent fascioliasis, do not eat undercooked vegetables, soups and snails Do not drink uncooked water. Hands should be washed with soap or sterilizing solution before eating.
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