Flukes Cause Disease In Humans
Flukes have many types, including small liver fluke, small liver fluke, small intestinal flukes, small fluke, lung fluke. In order to find out trichinosis in humans, in addition to the physical examination of the patient to understand the symptoms of flukes, skin and gastrointestinal manifestations, etc. fluke. ELISA blood test looks for helminths, stool tests, microscopy to directly look for helminth eggs. There is also an ultrasound of the liver to help diagnose liver fluke.
Adult flukes can be seen with the naked eye and can be seen in the stool after an infected person has taken the fluke medication.
General characteristics to identify tapeworms
The stems are flat, leaf-shaped, without burning, relatively few centimeters long.
There are 2 suction plates, one in the mouth and one in the abdomen
The gastrointestinal tract consists of the mouth located at the bottom of the suction plate, connected with the esophagus and intestine The intestine has 2 sealed branches, no anus.
Flukes of the hermaphrodite type
The male's genitals have two testes that are either cubical or branched.
. Each testicle has a vas deferens, which, after a segment, combine into a single tube and go to the male sexual organ, also known as the penis. The penis is in a pouch called the penis pouch.
The female genitals include the ovary, one end connected to the ovary, the other connected to two glands nourishing the ovaries on either side of the body and the other end connected to the uterus. The uterus contains eggs.
Here we learn about some common fluke disease in humans
1 Flukes of large intestine
Pathogenic species Fasciolopsis buski. The body is flat, thick, dark brown. The head has no protrusions. On the body many small size spines lined up in rows, at most near the abdominal suction disc.
. Suction discs in the abdomen are larger than the suction discs in the mouth. The intestine is divided into 2 branches, reaching the end of the tail. Ovary branched off. The uterus is located in front of the body, containing many eggs Genital opening in front of abdominal suction disc.
2. Flukes of small intestine
3. Flukes of the liver
Has scientific name Fasciola hepattca. Length from 3 - 5cm, body flat, thick. The head is small and pointed, protruding above.
. The front of the body is somewhat conical shaped, behind the body is flat and round. Suction plate in mouth is bigger than suction plate in abdomen Long intestine to body. The genital opening is located in front of the abdominal suction disc. There are penile sacs and testes located behind the ovaries. The testes and ovaries and intestines are all divided into branches.
4. Flukes of small liver
The scientific name of small fluke is Clonorchis sinensis. The color is milky or light red. The length of the parasite is 10 - 25mm x 3 - 4mm.
The esophagus is a bit long, the 2 closed cecal branches reach the end of the body. Suction plate in the mouth is larger than the suction plate in the abdomen, 2 testes branched, distributed 1 on the lower 1, located behind the ovary. The ovaries and intestines of the flukes are not branched. The genital opening is located in front of the abdominal suction disc. No penis pouch.
5. Flukes of the lungs
Also known as Paragonimus westermani science.
The body is thick and convex, the abdomen slightly flattened almost like coffee beans, reddish-brown
The length of the worm: 7 - 12mm x 4 - 6mm.
Flukes on the body of many small spines.
Suction discs in the mouth and suction discs in the stomach are the same size.
The intestine is thin, slightly zigzag, without branching, extending to the end of the body.
The ovaries have a large size divided into lobes on both sides.
Lobed testicle is located behind the ovary.
The genital hole is located behind the abdominal suction disc.
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