Glucose Blood Sugar Test

Glucose is the main source of energy for the body's cells to function and is the only source of energy for the brain and nervous system in the digestion of fruits, rice, vegetables that are digested into glucose, then they are steamed. collected in the small intestine and then throughout the body.
Normally, blood glucose rises a little after meals and the insulin from the pancreas is secreted and into the bloodstream, the amount of insulin excreted in proportion to the quantity and quality at meals.
If blood glucose levels are too low to occur between meals or after a hard workout, another hormone in the pancreas, glucagon, will be produced by the body to stimulate the liver to transfer some glucose from glycogen. Increase the level of glucose in the blood.
If the blood glucose level is effectively regulated by the feedback mechanism, the blood glucose level will also be stable. If this balance is disrupted and blood glucose levels rise, the body will restore the balance both by increasing insulin production and removing excess glucose from the urine.
There are also several different causes that can disrupt the balance between glucose and pancreatic hormones leading to high or low blood sugar

The most common cause is diabetes Diabetes is a group of metabolic disorders, involving inadequate insulin production or insulin resistance. People with diabetes who do not get treated cannot handle and use glucose normally.


Glucose Blood Sugar Test

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People who are unable to produce enough diagnostic insulin are type 1 diabetes. People who are insulin resistant are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. One of the two types of diabetes may have an acute increase in blood glucose level or chronic.
When blood glucose is high or acute, it can be life-threatening, causing damage to organs, especially the brain organs, causing coma leading to a high risk of death.
Chronic high blood glucose causes damage to organs such as the kidneys, eyes, heart and blood vessels, nerves
Chronic hypoglycemia can damage the brain and central nervous system
Some women may have hyperglycemia during pregnancy called gestational diabetes. If not treated right away, these mothers can give birth to babies with low birth weight and low blood glucose, women with gestational diabetes may develop or cannot develop diabetes.
Some common blood sugar tests:
Fasting sugar test: must fast for at least 8 hours before this test is performed and this is the first test to be able to diagnose diabetes and prediabetes in patients.
2-hour postprandial sugar test: this test is done after a patient has eaten after 2 hours and is also used to check if a person with diabetes is taking the right amount of insulin for their meals.


Glucose Blood Sugar Test

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Tolerance glucose test: Before taking blood for testing, patients will drink sugar water. Usually this test will be used in the diagnosis of gestational diabetes. If during pregnancy, pregnant women will have hyperglycemia, this test must be performed after birth This is also a test to diagnose diabetes and prediabetes in patients.
HbA1c test: this test can be used to diagnose diabetes. It is possible to check if a patient's sugar level is under good control so that doctors can tailor the treatment to suit each patient.
Blood glucose test can be taken at any time during the day and can be performed many times, regardless of the meal. Normally the amount of sugar in our body will not be much difference in a day. However, if the difference is too high, alarming, it means that our blood sugar is having some problem.


Glucose Blood Sugar Test

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So high blood glucose levels could mean you have diabetes. There are also some other causes that can cause hyperglycemia such as myocardial infarction or stroke, etc
Low blood glucose (when hungry) in women below 40mg / dL and in men is less than 50mg / dL, along with the symptoms of hypoglycemia (fainting, dizziness, dizziness, etc.). .). Cases of medullary islet cell tumors can be thought of. On the other hand, it may be due to the following causes: pituitary cancer, Addison's disease, kidney failure, malnutrition, or people taking diabetes medicine.
How can you add sugar in the most reasonable and effective way?
Limit your intake of sugary foods such as cakes, sweets, chocolates, soft drinks, etc.
Change the way you use your food every day: eat lots of fruit, homemade juices instead of canned juice, filtered water, etc.


Glucose Blood Sugar Test


Besides, we need to change our healthy lifestyle: exercising regularly; increase drinking plenty of water; eat lots of green vegetables, fresh fruits; Get enough sleep avoiding.

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