Hookworm Disease, Pinworm Disease And Their Harms

Hookworm infection, also known as hookworm, when hookworm lives parasitically in the human body. Larvae and adult adult worms live in the intestines of humans or some infected animals. When an infected person walks outside or their faeces are used as fertilizer, the worm eggs attach to the soil. Eggs will develop into adult larvae that can penetrate through human skin. People who walk barefoot in this soil are more likely to get hookworms because hookworm larvae are so small that they cannot be seen. When the blood circulation, hookworm larvae will from the heart, lungs to the throat, then enter the intestines causing disease.
Hookworm disease (CDC) development cycle
Harm of hookworm disease
Hookworms suck blood about 0.03-0

05 ml per day In addition to sucking blood, hookworm / hookworm also cause duodenal inflammation and secretion of anticoagulants, this toxin will inhibit the hematopoietic organ producing red blood cells that worsen anemia. much of the patient
Hookworm disease is common in tropical and subtropical countries.


Hookworm Disease, Pinworm Disease And Their Harms

. The conditions for the development of parasites are climate, sanitary conditions, living practices and the level of contact with soil contaminated with human faeces. Infectious diseases in rural areas are higher than in urban areas, especially in provinces, regions where crops are grown or industrial crops such as mulberry, sugarcane, coffee, tobacco, or coal mines.
Causes of hookworm infection
Infected people will release worm eggs through their faeces when outdoors. Worm eggs can hatch in wet soil and hatch for about 2 days before they become larvae. From there, the worm larvae penetrate through the skin, usually through barefoot, entering the bloodstream to the lungs and intestines
Some people can become infected by eating undercooked foods or drinking contaminated water
Symptoms of hookworm disease
The hookworm larvae cause disease in the skin, lungs, and hookworm parasites when they grow, causing illness in the intestines. Depending on the stage, there are symptoms of hookworm infection as follows:
Gastrointestinal disorders
Nausea, abdominal pain, intermittent diarrhea, constipation, or epigastric pain may occur depending on the degree of parasitic infection.
Signs of anemia and prolonged illness, loss of appetite, indigestion, pallor, cold extremities, weakness, weakness, rapid breathing. Severe cases can lead to death like hemorrhage, edema and respiratory failure.


Hookworm Disease, Pinworm Disease And Their Harms

.
In addition, hookworms can cause diseases in the skin and lungs manifested by the following signs:
When hookworm larvae pass through the skin, it can cause local dermatitis with manifestations such as itching, skin allergies, a lot of granular red spots and lasting 1-2 days.
Dermatitis caused by hookworm larvae:
When the larvae pass through our skin, the lesions often occur in the interstitial legs or arms that manifest as erythema, burning, transient papules and slight itching. Due to repeated contact and infection with hookworm larvae, when the body is touched by papules, urticaria, the latter will spread into a large area, forming a patch of dark circles, itching pain, and then becoming a blister.
The respiratory tract and esophagus:
Patients with cough, dry cough, hoarseness, sore throat, sometimes ringing in the ears, itchy nose, difficulty swallowing such as entanglement in the neck and often drooling
How to test for hookworms and worms?
Worm eggs are examined under a microscope
Blood tests in the early stage of infection show an increase in the number of eosinophils, which is an indication of anemia in the body, a significant decrease in the amount of blood, anemia in some cases of severe infection, traction long, reduced protein in whole blood
Stool microscopy (Test method: Kato or Kato-Katz technique): hookworm / hookworm eggs are included in the stool test. The hookworm eggs are oval in shape, 40 - 60 m in size, apart from the colorless, smooth crust. In the nucleus, there are embryos.
DS. Vu Thuy.

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