Important Tests For Liver Function
In our bodies, we can say that the liver is one of the parts that perform the most important functions. The liver is like a filter factory, filtering out impurities from the body. So we need to protect and check the liver regularly to ensure the liver works well and protect the health of each of us. Here are some important liver function tests you need to know:
1. When do liver function tests?
As mentioned above, the liver plays an extremely important role in the body. Liver function tests help to detect liver damage as soon as possible, so that the doctor can guide treatment promptly. Therefore, monthly liver function tests are best.
There are also some cases as follows:
Hepatitis B or C infection
People with a history of liver disease (cirrhosis, liver dysfunction
Monitor the effects of some drugs that cause liver damage.
Meet in people who regularly drink a lot of alcohol.
People suffering from diseases such as blood fat, diabetes, high blood pressure, ..
2. What are the common liver function tests?
AST (Aspartate aminotransferase): Found in striated muscle and cardiac muscle
Normal value: <40 UI / L ALT (Alanine aminotransferase): There are many in liver cells. Normal value: <40 UI / L. GGT (Gamma-glutamytransferase): Derived from bile duct cells. Normal values: 20-40 UI / L.
INDICATIONS FOR MEN'S AST ALT GGT
INCREASED 40-100 UI / L 40-100 UI / L 40-100 UI / L
AVERAGE 100-300 UI / L 100-300 UI / L 100-300 UI / L
INCREASE> 300 UI / L> 300 UI / L> 300 UI / L
3. Some additional tests related to liver function:
Blood bilirubin: also known as total bilirubin (TP), consists of 2 parts: direct bilirubin (TT) and indirect bilirubin (GT). When bilirubin TP increases> 2.5 mg / dl, the body will clinically manifest to the skin as jaundice
Urinary bilrubin: when a urine bilirubin is detected with a urine dipstick, it is certain that our bodies have liver and bile problems.
Alkaline phosphatase - ALP: mainly found in liver and bone, less frequently in intestine, kidney and placenta. Mild and moderate increases in ALP (twice the normal) may be found in hepatitis, cirrhosis, metastases or infiltrates Elevated ALP (from 3 to 10 times normal) is common in biliary or extrahepatic bile obstruction.
Blood ammonia (NH3): NH3 in normal blood 5-69 mg / dL. Increases in acute and chronic liver disease. However, this is not a reliable test for diagnosing hepatic encephalopathy.
Serum albumin: normal index of 35-55 g / L. Albumin decreases in cases of severe liver damage or liver injury
4 What levels of liver enzyme elevation are involved?
a) Slight increase:
Viral hepatitis is caused.
Cirrhosis, liver tumor or metastases, ...
Jaundice turns off honey.
b) Average increase:
Hepatitis caused by alcohol, tobacco, ..
c) High gain:
Liver damage caused by medication.
Acute or chronic viral hepatitis.
GGT is used in the diagnosis of alcoholism of patients. When you use alcohol, the GGT will increase proportional to the amount of alcohol consumed. In addition, GGT also reflects the damage of tobacco liver.
In addition to assessing the condition of the liver through liver enzyme tests (AST, ALT, GGT, ..), along with a number of other tests that help us most comprehensively screen for liver diseases:
Screening for liver cancer (ultrasound, biopsy, CT, endoscopy, ..
Do additional tests (blood formula, bilirubin, albumin and total protein, ....)
5. How to keep the liver healthy?
Choose fresh, healthy foods for your daily family meals Increase the intake of lots of green vegetables, fruits, drink lots of cool water, ... Besides, it is necessary to add important proteins for the body such as seafood, eggs, fish, beef, .
Do not use stimulants, especially do not smoke and drink alcohol. Alcohol seriously affects the liver, leading to diseases like hepatitis, cirrhosis, etc
Have a healthy lifestyle, regularly exercise and exercise, read books, do vegetarian activities, etc. Eat and drink in moderation. Make sure you get enough sleep so you can enjoy your spirits, not stay up too late, ...
Regular health checkups.
. If so, can detect disease promptly. In case the infected person is checked regularly to know how his condition is, whether it is stable or not, to monitor and take intervention as soon as possible
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