Instructions On How To Take A Urine Sample For Testing
Urine testing is very important, helping you to know quite accurately the signs of dangerous diseases, hidden inside the body. The basic urine analysis will evaluate your current kidney function. For those who are on drugs or on long-term medication, the continuous urine test helps the doctor to monitor the kidney function of the patient whether or not it is affected by the medication. Especially in the treatment of allergic skin pruritus or helminths when using drugs for a long time. Regular urine tests are necessary to know your health situation. Although the test is familiar to everyone, not everyone knows how to get clean urine for the best test.
How to get urine is enough?
The urine sample to be tested should be clean and fresh. This sample is used to perform routine tests such as rapid dipstick test, proteinuria test or other components such as erythrocytes, leukocytes, urinary casts, phosphate crystals, calcium oxalates, etc
There are different preparations depending on the specific sampling procedure, usually to clean the external genitals and remove the first urine (about 100-200ml), then take urine. Urine samples are usually taken in the early morning.
How to get urine
Urine need to fast?
This must be the question of many people. It is best to fast and urinate to the test results are most accurate.
It is best not to eat or drink before the test, because the test gives accurate results when the patient is fasting 4-6 hours before the urine test or does not eat breakfast when he wakes up. Do not eat foods that cause color changes in the test results. Because after eating, nutrients will turn into glucose for the body to absorb and change energy, then the sugar or fat in the blood will increase, if the test is conducted, the results will be inaccurate
Not only fasting, testers should also avoid using stimulants such as tobacco, coffee ... for a few hours before taking blood to get the most accurate diagnosis results.
Get urine tested during menstruation
During menstruation, urine samples may be mixed with menstrual blood and analytical test will be affected. Therefore, it must be very meticulous to guide patients to catch the mouth of the cup close to the urethral opening, not to touch the opening of the cup, when necessary, urine can still be taken for testing but must notify the doctor. except the cause of the bleeding
Or you can tell your doctor to wait until your period is over before you have the test.
In addition, the use of many drugs and supplements also affects the results of urine tests It is important to tell your doctor if you are taking diuretics, as they will affect the accuracy of the test results. Therefore, before taking the test, the doctor may ask the patient to suspend the medication.
How to get urine?
Your doctor may order a 24-hour urine test or only take about 20ml once.
The procedure to take urine 1 time:
Instruct the patient to clean the external genitals, then urinate, the first and last urine part in a potty, the middle part of the yards into a potty.
The person who tests the urine in the middle part of the test tube is about 20ml. Then take the specimen and laboratory paper to the laboratory.
Arrange and handle tools in accordance with regulations.
24-hour urine collection procedure:
When taking 24-hour urine, there must be chemical preservatives: Formol or phenol solution for one drop, corresponding to 30ml of urine, 1% thymol for 1ml corresponding to 100ml of urine, then increase gradually according to the amount of urine of the patient
Instruct patients to take urine when defecation, cover the potty after each urination.
After the last urination (at a predetermined time) the morning before and the next morning, the test person measures and records the amount of urine of the day on the monitoring sheet.
Shake well, take the required amount of urine into the test tube, send urine and test paper to the laboratory, the testing staff perform the tests and give results.
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