Risk Of Risk Of Risk Of Pig Risk Is Risk?
Parasitical Worms.com Tapeworm is found all over the world, especially in areas where it is customary to eat raw, undercooked or inadequate faeces management. The tapeworm is 2-3 meters long (even 8 meters), small head, slightly round, about 1 mm in diameter
1. Outline: Tapeworm is a chronic disease with skin, muscle, and brain damage caused by cysts of tapeworm (in the head of tapeworm). Clinical manifestations depending on the localized location of the skin follicles affect aesthetics, the brain can cause seizures, memory loss or movement disorders that seriously affect the quality of life
Tapeworm is found all over the world, especially in areas where it is customary to eat raw, undercooked, or inadequately managed faeces. The tapeworm is 2-3 meters long (even 8 meters), has a small head, slightly rounded, about 1 mm in diameter, with protruding parts, has 2 loop hooks (22- 32 hooks) and 4 quadrants at 4 corners
There is a small neck burning, adult body burning, old burning An old flukes may contain up to 55 thousand eggs, the old burning at the end often fall into segments 5.6 segments adjacent to each other according to normal distribution.
. The main hosts of tapeworms are humans, while the secondary hosts are pigs. Pigs eat tapeworm eggs or tapeworm eggs, which pass through the stomach to the intestines.
The larvae burrow through the intestinal wall into the circulatory system and travel throughout the body. After 24-72 hours after ingestion the larvae will reside in the connective tissue or muscles, after 2 months the larvae form a cyst with an outer sheath (size 17-20 x 7-10 mm), also known as pig rice (cysticereus cellulosae), in white fluid-filled follicles, there are flukes of heads with 4 senses and 2 hook rings.
Pictures of tapeworm larvae under the mucosa
In addition to pigs, cats and dogs can also be the host of tapeworm
Photos of tapeworm larvae under the skin, mucosa
The flukes of old flukes drop in the small intestine in the opposite motility to the stomach, under the effect of egg digestion from the old burns that are released to the duodenum, thousands of larvae escape the eggs and burrow through the intestinal wall. into the circulatory system throughout the body, into the muscles and tissues, developing into cysticereus cellulosae.
. People with tapeworm larvae are also called rice people.
3. Clinical symptoms: lesions depending on the location of the cyst
+ In the skin: small capsules, made of pea or chestnut, round, firm, painless, moving on deep ground and rolling under the skin, skin color above normal. Hydatid cysts usually float on the inside of the arm but can float in any position and have a symmetrical personality Very rarely, the tumors are located next to the nerve and cause nerve pain or tamponade that causes elephantiasis.
Tapeworm larvae under the skin
Cysts after many years will be calcified, this time can be detected by X-ray.
The tapeworm larvae are white nodules along the thighs of female patients on X-ray
+ In the brain: manifests itself as a cyst in the brain or can cause a variety of nonspecific diverse clinical symptoms: increased brain pressure, seizures, intellectual weakness, mental disorders. Patients may become paralyzed, may suddenly die.
The image of a tapeworm in the brain causes increased skull pressure
+ In the eyes: larval cysts can be located in the sockets of the eyes, eyelids, conjunctiva, lens, room ..
.. causing vision loss or blindness depending on the position of the larvae in the eyes
+ In the heart muscle: can make the heart beat faster, the heart is changed, the patient faints.
+ Suction at cyst has a little fluid in.
+ Based on the intestinal tapeworm disease (stool test to find flukes and tapeworm eggs), clinical manifestations of cysticercosis in the skin.
+ Biopsy of skin cysts looking for tapeworm larvae.
+ X-ray, intraventricular scan or fundoscopy found cysts or tapeworm larvae.
The image of a tapeworm cocoon moving to the brain
+ Immunological methods are also valuable for diagnosis, but often cross-react with other types of tapeworms.
5. Differential diagnosis: with sebaceous cysts, adenoma, sarcoidose tumor.
6. Progress and prognosis
+ Long-term skin lesions can calcify affect the beauty.
+ Brain damage depends on the location of the cyst.
7. Treatment and prophylaxis:
7.1. Treatment of intestinal fluke.
+ Special medicine in combination with drug book, At present, Anh Nga Internal Medicine Clinic is applying the method of catching whole fish, patients will be treated with low-dose special medicine, combined with medicine to get rid of tapeworm and can observe, check the head, body, neck of the fluke
. Treatment of cysticercosis in the brain.
Currently, there is still a difficult problem that requires specialized medical treatment. Can use praziquantel, methifolat, DEC. Should be combined with corticosteroids and anti-edematous drugs brain.
7.3 Treatment of skin cysts.
+ Surgery is possible when it is absolutely necessary because of cosmetic factors or cysts pinching nerves.
+ Injecting suction fluid in cysts, injecting 0.5 ml of distilled water into cysts to destroy tapeworm heads
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