Roundworm Infection In Humans: Common Helminth Disease

Ascaris lumbricoides roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides is a common and most common worm in the world. Currently in Vietnam, this is the leading parasite-causing parasite among intestinal helminths. The main host of roundworm is human and animals such as pigs, dogs, cats ... This is one of the largest worms. The length of the roundworm can be up to 35cm.
Life cycle of roundworm can be divided into 2 stages:
Stage 1: Adult roundworm live and reproduce (lay eggs) in human intestine

Then the eggs will follow the feces out, meet the appropriate environment, from the eggs will develop into larval cysts, from the environment will parasite into living organisms (Vegetables, snails, fish ..


Roundworm Infection In Humans: Common Helminth Disease

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Stage 2: From here the larvae will enter the human body by eating if they eat food containing larvae that are not hygienic or cooked thoroughly, will continue to grow and reproduce.
People infected with roundworm usually will have no typical signs or have some mild abdominal symptoms (abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, nausea ..
) When the body is infected with a large number of roundworms will have the following severe and acute symptoms:
When severe worm infection can cause intestinal obstruction, digestive disorders, severe abdominal pain if the worms go astray will cause dangerous symptoms at the place where worms come.
How to treat roundworm?
Treatment is only available when there are worm results in the adult stage.
When infected with the helminths drug used is Albendazole, Mebendazol or possibly Pyrantel pamoate. The dosage will depend on whether the infection is as simple as the infection or is accompanied by other types of helminths.


Roundworm Infection In Humans: Common Helminth Disease

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There are some drugs that are contraindicated for children under 24 months of age, women 3 months pregnant or breastfeeding ... Therefore, we need to see a specialist for advice, examination and Using the drug according to the treatment regimen will be more effective In addition, it is necessary to treat local complications caused by roundworm during their migration. Worms caused by worms respond well to anti-inflammatory drugs. When worms cause inflammation, obstruction of the bile ducts, intestinal obstruction, it will be treated with some spasmolytic, analgesic and other adjuvants.
Periodic deworming medications will be used after all the symptoms of acute pain and bowel functions are restored.
How to prevent disease?
- Periodic deworming every 4 to 6 months
- Clean the daily life and cleanliness of each individual and the surrounding environment, build appropriate toilets.
- Teach children how to clean themselves and raise people's awareness of the importance of washing their hands before eating and after using the toilet.


Roundworm Infection In Humans: Common Helminth Disease

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- All vegetables, tubers, fruits need to be washed, cut or carefully cooked before eating.
- Responsibility for direct contact with dirty soil, especially in areas where habit of applying untreated fertilizer to crops
Ascaris is the most common helminthic disease worldwide. Most people are infected by poor sanitation. Therefore, people need to raise awareness and knowledge about keeping personal and family hygiene. Following the principle of "prevention rather than cure" is the most optimal way to reduce helminthic disease.
DS. Nguyen Thi Thuy.

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