Signs Suspected Children With Pinworms Parents Need To Know

Pinworms are small in size, parasitic and cause disease mainly in children
In the intestine, adult worms usually do not cause significant damage, when stray worms get lost, causing inflammation where the worms are present.
Epidemiological situation
Pinworms are prevalent all over the world, the disease is ubiquitous, including hot and cold lands and is more concentrated in children than adults, and infected city dwellers are higher than rural residents.
Pinworms spread not dependent on climate factors but on personal hygiene. There are 4 possibilities of pinworm infection:
The most common chance is infection by anal-mouth infection through dirty hands or pajamas contaminated with helminth eggs.
The second possibility is infection from bedding, bedding or other objects in the environment.
The third way is through the dust, eggs flying in the dust inhaled through the nose or through the mouth.
The fourth way is self-infection, the eggs hatch in the anal mucosa and the larvae move back into the intestine.
Pinworm eggs are spread outside through the movement of scratching anus, shaking pants, blankets, mats

Eggs fly in the air and are ubiquitous as desks, floors, blankets, mats, in nails, school supplies, toys Pinworm eggs are very weak resistance in the outside, eggs easy to die at temperatures higher than 36oC and temperatures below 24oC.
In the world, the number of people infected with pinworms reaches half a billion people.


Signs Suspected Children With Pinworms Parents Need To Know

. The infection rate is high in places with poor hygienic conditions, high population density, and crowded living places. Pinworm is a family condition: in the home if there is a baby infected with pinworm, other people in the house are also often infected by living and caring for the baby.
In Vietnam, the prevalence rate among preschool children and kindergartens is 87.5%. On average, the prevalence rate in city children is from 50-60%, adults from 20-30%

Despite being a human disease, animals such as chimpanzees, apes, and squirrel monkeys also have pinworms
Common symptoms
Anal itching caused by female worms moving to the anus to lay eggs, is the main symptom and the degree of itching varies from less to more, usually occurring at night. Itching causes the patient to scratch, causing abrasions around the anus and secondary infection.
Gastrointestinal disorders caused by pinworms manifested by abdominal pain, anorexia, nausea, diarrhea. Signs of digestive disorders sometimes do not appear to be associated with pinworm disease.


Signs Suspected Children With Pinworms Parents Need To Know

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Neurological disorders
This is also common in babies who are frequently infected with worms or in large numbers. Neurological disorders in part due to the baby is often awake, insomnia, affecting nerve activity; The other part is produced by metabolites and toxins of the worm during the parasitic period. Neurological manifestations are usually small, delirious, convulsive, or severe, which can lead to seizures. A few cases have seen babies who often grind their teeth while sleeping Due to the stimulation of pinworms in the anal region, boys may have signs of erectile dysfunction, bedwetting.
Worms misplace
Worms can sometimes be found in female genitalia, and rarer can be found in ears and nose. Worms rarely penetrate the abdominal cavity and cause granulomas in the liver, ovaries, kidneys, spleen, and lungs. Chronic peritoneal peritonitis has been described. The worm may have followed Fallop's proboscis or blood sugar to these organs.
Worm infections caused by worms may also occur, causing vulvar itching and white blood.


Signs Suspected Children With Pinworms Parents Need To Know

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Systemic symptoms are insomnia and discomfort, a large number of children infected with pinworms do not appetite, lose weight, are prone to hot temper, sensitivity and bedwetting. There is usually no anemia or leukocytosis
KTV. KHONG VY.

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