Strongyloidiasis And Signs Of Identification Of Visceral Strongyloidiasis
Strongyloidiasis is a disease that can cause serious complications leading to death, should not be subjective. Besides, like other parasitic diseases, Strongyloidiasis is difficult to diagnose because of various clinical manifestations.
Strongyloidiasis infection can cause serious complications for the body
What is Strongyloidiasis?
Strongyloidiasis has the scientific name of Strongyloides stercoralis, the patient was discovered to be infected with the first worms with symptoms of digestive disorders, diarrhea, rashes ..
What is transmission of Strongyloidiasis?
According to the old view, the only source of disease in strongyloidiasis is humans. However, cats and dogs have recently been found to be infected with Strongyloidiasis, so cats and dogs are also a source of infection. Strongyloidiasis is a larvae of the larvae stage with filariform esophagus, possibly from a direct pathogen of animals or the external environment
Strongyloid worms can burrow through the skin, people who are in constant contact with feces, soil ..
. are very likely to be infected with strongyloidiasis or those who have a habit of eating raw or undercooked foods.
How do Strongyloidiasis infect people?
Subcutaneous Strongyloides larvae enter the body by burrowing through scratched skin when exposed to soil, then into the bloodstream through the vein to the heart, lungs, and trachea. Then it reaches the pharynx and then moves into the esophagus, down the intestine to become an adult worm. Adult strongyloid worms parasitize in the intestinal mucosa, after intercourse will lay eggs.
The cycle of developing strongyloidiasis
Strongyloid eggs quickly develop into free-form larvae and are excreted
Strongyloidiasis is often difficult to detect because it often combines with other parasitic worms, causing non-specific clinical symptoms. Many cases of Strongyloidiasis infection do not show disease.
What are the signs of strongyloidiasis?
Strongyloidiasis is divided into 2 types: chronic, uncomplicated Strongyloidiasis: seen in normal individuals, without immunodeficiency.
. Patients almost no manifestations of the disease. Possible manifestations include:
What signs of skin disease caused by strongyloidiasis?
Symptoms of Strongyloid Skin Infection: itchy skin rash, atopic eczema or zigzag lines (usually around the waist, around the anus, hands, feet) caused by larvae. Red bruises (about 3 - 4cm in size) are scattered on the limbs, upper body, especially the chest and hives.
Manifest rash due to infection with strongyloidiasis
What signs of gastrointestinal disease caused by strongyloidiasis?
Manifestations of Strongyloidiasis in the gastrointestinal tract: abdominal pain, diarrhea, anal itching, slight weight loss Abdominal pain can be anywhere but most often the pain in the navel and right side. So it is easy to mistake stomach pain; pain due to liver bile; flatulence; fatty stool, stinking stool, stinking ...
What are the signs of visceral Strongyloidiasis?
Manifestations in other organs such as pneumonia causing prolonged cough, shortness of breath, chest tightness (chest X-ray with infiltrates), polyarthritis, body aches, generalized edema, enlarged lymph nodes ..
.. Stage 1 larvae are found in the urine
An X-ray can detect strongyloidiasis in the alveoli
Strongyloid worms can cause unforeseen dangerous complications
The strongyloid larvae migrate sometimes when misplaced, thus causing complications in various organs: Strongyloidiasis causes damage to the nervous system: Strongyloid larvae grow in the digestive tract, then penetrate wall of the intestine, followed by blood directly to the central nervous system causing encephalitis, meningitis, brain abscess and cerebral hemorrhage causing many clinicians to misdiagnose certain viral meningitis, bacteria, tuberculosis, fungi ... This is one of the most serious, dangerous and fatal injuries.
Strongyloid worms cause damage to the respiratory system: Strongyloidiasis can also cause pneumonia, lung abscess, pulmonary hemorrhage, shortness of breath, etc. Septicemia: caused by co-infection or co-infection with bacteria. Sepsis is a very serious systemic disease.
Strongyloid worms cause damage to the digestive system: causing intestinal inflammation, intestinal obstruction, perforation, gastrointestinal bleeding, and obstruction of the bile ducts.
In addition, the disease also causes damage on the endocardium, pancreatitis, liver failure, kidney failure ...
Strongyloid worms travel to the brain causing brain tumors
Depending on the parasitic position of the larvae in the body, patients will have different clinical interpretations in their respective organs. In these forms, the disease is often severe and complicated, such as: intestinal obstruction, pneumonia, meningitis and sepsis ... If not diagnosed in time, can lead to death
Symptoms range from asymptomatic in acute and chronic infections to severe and fatal hyperinfection syndrome (disseminated strongyloidiasis), with a mortality rate of more than 85%.
Where is the best diagnosis for strongyloidiasis?
Strongyloidiasis should be tested at a specialized level, at a specialized level with adequate equipment, technology and techniques to quickly and accurately diagnose the disease.
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