Swine Tapeworm Disease, Its Causes And Ways To Prevent It
The cause to the illness
Tapeworm (SD) is the presence of tapeworms (including multiple segments) in the intestines (called adult tapeworms).
The tapeworm Taenia solium is about 4-12m long, consisting of about 900 segments, including 3 parts (round head; 5mm thin neck is the place where the young burns; the body of the young knots on the neck is larger than the vertical and burning the elderly is longer than the width and has twice the length of the horizontal, contains eggs, burns have both male and female genitalia, the uterus divides 7-12 branches). Burning the old one to pieces 5-6 burns in excrement and does not move. The intermediate host is a pig (pig).
Tapeworm larvae (ATSL), also called trichinosis, is the presence of human tapeworm larvae (mainly in muscles, brain, eyes)
The tapeworm larvae are located in the fiber
Cysts tapeworm oval, white, size 0.7 - 0.8 x 1
The tapeworm eggs are round in shape, very thick in shell, dark brown, and have 6 hooks, size 30-40μm.
In Vietnam there are many types of tapeworm but mainly 3 types: cow tapeworm (Taenia saginata) and pig tapeworm (Taenia solium, Taenia asiatica).
The process of pig tapeworm infection enters the body of the pathogen
After ingesting tapeworm eggs, the eggs enter the stomach and intestine, where the eggs hatch into larvae, the larvae penetrate the gastrointestinal tract into the bloodstream and migrate to parasites in striated muscles, brain and eyes. , .. People who are sick due to ingesting tapeworm eggs from the outside environment often have few cysts (except for the case of eating tapeworm burning)
1) Adult tapeworm parasites live in the human intestine, can be 2-8m long including 700-1000 burns, tapeworms and reproduce by the burn. The flukes outside the decomposition environment release eggs.
2) Pigs eat eggs and burn adult tapeworms that spread in the environment or eat human faeces with tapeworms. People who ingest pig tapeworm eggs will get Cysticercosis, which is locally known as trichinosis, brain tapeworm.
3) Eggs enter the stomach and intestines of the pig, hatch, the larvae burrow through the intestinal wall into the bloodstream and lie in the meat fibers residing there to make cocoons there.
4) People eat rice that has not been cooked
Cysts tapeworm chit in human flesh fiber
5) The tapeworm larvae enter the intestine and expand into adult tapeworms. At the beginning of the tapeworm, there was only a head and a small neck. Flukes grow by budding, new burn from the neck, the fluk gradually out from the small intestine to the beginning of the large intestine
Harm of tapeworm disease
Adult tapeworm occupies food, causing malnutrition, digestive disorders and neurotoxicity.
The tapeworm larvae cause seizures, convulsions, paralysis, and lisp, which have a major impact on public health.
Diagnosis of tapeworm disease
Adult tapeworm disease: most have no obvious manifestations, some cases have: abdominal pain, digestive disorders, nervous breakdown or irritability. The main sign is the burning of flukes in the stool. Some cases have found flukes in faeces.
Tapeworm larvae: depending on the parasitic position of the larvae, it causes different symptoms.
. In the brain: epilepsy, paralysis, lisp, consciousness disorders, severe headaches. Eyes: glaucoma, amblyopia amblyopia, etc At skeletal muscle: appear larvae under the skin from 0.5 -2cm size, easy to move, not itchy, usually in the muscles of hands and feet. , or intercostal muscles, back, chest. Usually causes muscle shock.
Detection of tapeworms or eggs in faeces or stool excretion with ELISA technique.
Biopsy of hydatid cysts in the skin for tapeworm larvae
Computerized tomography of the brain
Detecting antibodies and antigens in blood by serological diagnostic technique
Soi of the fundus
Measures to prevent tapeworm infection
Do not eat pork, pork liver, ..
not cooked like: spring rolls, shrimp rolls ..
Closely inspect the slaughterhouses and remove larvae.
Good manure management: using hygienic toilets, not raising pigs for wandering.
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