Tapeworm Dog Dipylidium Caninum

Dipylidium caninum is a type of tapeworm (tapeworm) that usually lives in dogs and cats but can also be found in humans as adult tapeworms in the small intestine, especially children.
SHAPED BEAUTY SHAPE
Adult tapeworms have a light pink color, size from 10 - 70 cm, with about 175 long burns or elliptical segments.
The tapeworm's head is diamond-shaped, ranging from 0.25 to 0.5 mm and has 4 cup-shaped suction cups. The tapeworm-shaped tapes and mouth have 1 to 7 rows of teeth (hook), the number of rows of teeth (hooks) depends on the age of the tapeworm, which can protrude or retract.
The burner is near the head thin and short, about 0.2mm wide; immature flukes near the neck, the width is larger than the length, the flukes gradually become more square when mature in the middle and old at the end; the older ones about 27 x 12 mm contain eggs, each mature and old flukes contain 2 male and female genitalia and there are two genital openings on either side of the flukes

The testes of the adult flukes have about 100-200 follicles, each containing 8 to 15 eggs The ovary has a complete ovary and the uterus develops as a network.
Flukes have thin shells, spherical, the average size of about 35-40mm, with embryos containing 3 pairs of hooks.


Tapeworm Dog Dipylidium Caninum

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Epidemiological characteristics
Host: this is a common parasite on dogs and cats. Some documents refer to diseases transmitted to wild cats, cats living in the rainforest, cats living in palm forests, ferrets, civets, hyenas, hyenas, foxes, jackals, wild or semi-wild dogs. in Australia. People can also get Dipylidium caninum.
The vector that transmits the disease is: Ctenophalides canis flea, C
felis felis, C felis orientis.
At-risk subjects: Children are the most at-risk groups, the majority of dog tapeworm infections occur in toddlers, possibly due to exposure or contact with animals. on or "age" tolerated by the child.
Transmission: Pets such as dogs and cats are infected by swallowing fleas carrying tail larvae.


Tapeworm Dog Dipylidium Caninum

. The transmission of the disease occurs by accidentally swallowing fleas carrying tail larvae present in food, drinking water, fingernails, close contact with pets such as licking, kissing, between the child's mouth and the dog's mouth, Cats are an important way to spread pathogens from cats and dogs to humans.
Distribution: worldwide. In humans, especially children, the infection of Dipylidium caninum has been reported in many European and American countries, especially Argentina and Asia, including Vietnam.
DEVELOPMENT PROCESS
The tapeworm life cycle and the invasive process cause disease in humans
Adult tapeworms live in the small intestine of the main host The flukes contain eggs that separate into segments or segments and then go down to the anus and get out. However, the flukes after being destroyed still found eggs in their faeces. When eggs are released from the flukes and released into the environment. Fleas eat eggs into the intestines, 6 hook embryos will develop into tail larvae. Fleas carrying larvae will likely cause infection. Vertebrates such as dogs, cats, etc.


Tapeworm Dog Dipylidium Caninum

., when swallowed fleas carry this larvae into the intestine. In the small intestine, the tail larvae develop into adult tapeworms about 1 month after infection
Clinical manifestations
When infected cats and dogs often have no symptoms, when they become seriously ill they become weak and exhausted.
Symptoms of infection may range from mild to moderate with symptoms such as: anorexia, mild digestive disorders, abdominal pain, indigestion, diarrhea; When infected with multiple flukes, the disease becomes more severe: the child is tired, has headaches, weight loss, abdominal pain, itching around the anus, diarrhea, vomiting, weakness, anemia, epilepsy.
DIAGNOSE
The diagnosis is mainly based on the flukes found in the feces or in the feces. Flukes are rarely found in faeces. Or serum test diagnosis.
Some cases should be specifically diagnosed (especially in the chronic phase), with the following conditions in mind, especially the symptoms of chronic digestive disorders: Crohn's disease, pseudomembranous colitis, Celiac disease, enteritis, carcinoid syndrome, irritable colon syndrome, gallstones, pancreatitis, lactose intolerance.
PREVENTION
Methods for prevention of diseases for people mainly by communication and health education, washing hands before eating and preparing food, should not be in close contact with pets, should periodically remove tapeworms for dogs, cats, kill fleas in pets with drugs such as: Bayticol (flumethrin 6%) mixed 1ml into 2 liters of bath water or spray for dogs, Prontline rubs on dogs, cats can eliminate fleas in 2 months, Preventef (diazenon) ) get rid of fleas in 4 months, or give dogs Program (lufenuron) periodically 1 pill per month.
DS.


Tapeworm Dog Dipylidium Caninum

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