The Effects Of Pinworms, Their Causes, Manifestations And How To Prevent Them
Baby T. and Mrs. H. are 3 years old this year. Baby develops normally, eat well, gain weight steadily. Suddenly about two weeks now, she complained of genital pain. Sometimes when she saw her baby broke his anus, she asked him if he said itchy and painful. I think your child is not young, so this area is not sick, probably due to inadequate hygiene, so a few days later she paid close attention to hygiene for the baby
. So what kind of pinworm is?
Pinworms are a compulsory parasite in the intestinal tract of humans, whose scientific name is Enterobius vermicularis. The cause is called pinworm because the female has a long and pointed tail. He is the only natural and unique host of pinworms. Pinworm is very common in children, especially children of kindergarten age.
Why children or pinworm infections?
Female pinworms lay eggs, which will stick to the anal folds or drop around objects
.. stick with worm eggs will be the source of infection for the sick and for themselves.
Pinworms need about 2 weeks to mature, live about 2 months. Adult pinworms live in the small intestine, appendix and the first part of the large intestine Pinworms loosely attach to the intestinal wall. Female worms will die after mating, female worms will move to the anus and lay eggs, after the eggs are laid, the female will die. Larvae in an adult egg after 6 hours are already contagious. After the pinworm eggs enter the body, the larvae in the eggs will escape the shell in the small intestine, developing into adult worms in the large intestine.
Manifestations of pinworm disease and harm caused by pinworms
Pinworms cause many harmful effects, especially for young children. When living parasites in the intestine, pinworms stimulate the intestinal mucosa causing digestive disorders, poor nutrient absorption, which can cause chronic inflammatory bowel disease.
. In some patients, pinworms can cause an allergic condition that causes itching, hives, or anal itching when the female worms come out of the anus to lay eggs. Anal itching can make children sleep disturbed If children with pinworms are left untreated, the disease lasts many years, which will affect sleep and nutrient absorption, leading to mental retardation and motor and malnutrition. If the patient breaks itchy, scratches the skin, or scratches the anus, it may cause secondary infection. Pinworms can enter the appendix causing acute appendicitis. For girls, pinworms can get into the genitals like the vulva, vagina, causing vulva, vaginitis, and menstrual disorders.
Diagnosis of pinworms
Seeing or catching pinworms is evidence for diagnosis and treatment. Worms are usually found in the morning, can be in the feces or the area around the anus. Pinworms will attach to the outer edge of the stool. Pinworm eggs can be detected in the anal folds, usually three samples should be taken for 3 consecutive days.
Not necessarily tested.
Treatment of pinworms
Conventional worms can easily kill pinworms. However, each pinworm produces a lot of eggs, more than 10,000 eggs, so self-reinfection often occurs. Treatment should therefore be repeated to ensure complete elimination of the worms. In addition, it is necessary to treat all family members to prevent infection or re-infection. If the patient experiences anal itching, it is possible to use topical anti-itching cream.
What to do when we have pinworms?
To prevent disease, it is essential to keep hygiene, shower daily, clean the anus clean. Wash your hands with soap before eating and after using the toilet Keep your fingernails trimmed short and don't allow children to get in the habit of biting their nails or sucking their fingers. Do not let your baby does not wear pants or pants with perforation, because in addition to pinworms, she is also susceptible to many other pathogenic microorganisms from the environment.
. Items such as pillows and clothing should be regularly laundered and exposed to the sun. If any disease needs to be examined and treated properly. Worms should be used every 6 months for all family members.
Bs. Nguyen Pham Diem Kieu. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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