The Laboratory Meets Level Ii Biosafety Standards
Explain some terms:
Laboratory biosecurity: is the term used to describe the principles, techniques and practices necessary to prevent unwanted exposure or loss of pathogens and toxin.
Decontamination is the process of eliminating and destroying bacteria. Eliminate or neutralize hazardous substances and radioactive substances. The decontamination process including cleaning, disinfection and sterilization is carried out depending on the safety and practical requirements of each laboratory.
Cleaning: is the process of using water, brush, mop, sweep, and cleaning chemicals to remove all dirt, rubbish and scattered chemicals.
Sterilization: is the process of eliminating virtually all pathogenic microorganisms except bacterial spores.
Sterilization: is the process of eliminating nearly all the pathogenic microorganisms including their spores.
Laboratory employees: including all people working in laboratories such as the persons in charge of the laboratories, the testers or decontamination workers
Purpose of biosafety laboratory:
Protect the technician and all laboratory staff
Protecting specimens, not cross-contaminating all other agents.
Protect people outside the laboratory and the surrounding environment.
Conditions for a laboratory to achieve biosafety level II
Conditions on facilities:
The floors, walls, and test tables must be flat, impermeable, heat resistant and corrosive and easy to clean.
There is a hand wash sink, and an eyewash emergency, first aid box.
There is electricity along with the grounding system and there is a backup power source.
There is clean water, and the water supply pipeline directly to the testing area must have anti-backflow devices to protect the public water system.
Having full equipment for fire and explosion prevention and fighting
There is enough light to perform the test
There is a system for collecting and treating wastewater treatment equipment. Testing establishments operating before the effective date of this Decree are required to have results of waste water testing meeting national technical standards on environment before discharging them into shared wastewater reservoirs.
Must be set separately from other rooms of the testing facility.
There is a biohazard sign on the entrance and testing area.
Conditions on operating equipment:
The testing equipment must conform to the technique and specimen or microorganism tested.
Have the prescribed packaging, tools, and equipment for storing medical waste.
There are equipment to disinfect tools as well as specimens.
Biosafety cabinets are required
There are steaming equipment for infectious medical waste or disinfection equipment
Personal protective equipment suitable for each type of testing technique performed at the biosafety level II biosafety testing facility
Number of employees: At least 02 testing staff. Personnel directly performing microbiological tests (hereinafter referred to as testing staff for short) must possess diplomas and certificates of training suitable to the type of testing conducted by that establishment.
Establishments with laboratories must assign persons responsible for biosafety.
Testing personnel and persons responsible for biosafety must be adequately trained in biosafety from level II or higher.
Others working in the laboratory area must be instructed on biosafety appropriate to the job.
Conditions for practice:
There are rules for entry and exit of the laboratory area.
There are regulations on reporting regime.
There is a procedure for record keeping
There is an appropriate testing procedure and the sample or microorganisms are tested.
There are instructions on the use of equipment for testing activities;
There is a procedure for decontamination and medical waste treatment.
There are rules for health and medical supervision.
There is a plan for training and staff training in the testing area.
There are regulations for storage and storage of specimens and infectious pathogens at the testing facility.
There is a plan to assess the risk of possible biosafety incidents at the laboratory and develop a prevention plan, as well as handle biosafety incidents.
KTV. KHONG VY.
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