The Risk Of Anemia Due To Infection With Helminths

Anemia is a medical condition that occurs when the level of hemoglobin (Hb) in the blood drops below normal. Anemia will have consequences for memory loss, exercise, reduced physical development, and for infections, reduced resistance, work capacity and labor efficiency.
Tapeworms are common parasites in Vietnam and the number of people infected with parasites is also relatively high. The main reason is due to unhygienic eating, eating undercooked food.
People suffering from helminths often cause anemia because this species uses nutrients that humans eat, and also causes digestive disorders and poor absorption. Some common helminths are:
Hookworms / hookworms
Hookworm disease is commonly found in tropical and subtropical countries. The main conditions for determining the transmission of hookworms are the hygienic condition, living habits, climate and level of soil contact with human faeces. Most people in rural areas have higher rates of infection than people in urban areas, especially people in areas with vegetables or perennial industrial crops such as coffee, tobacco, mulberry, sugarcane, in areas where mines are located

charcoal
Intestinal stage: hookworms usually parasitize in the duodenum and they attach to the intestinal mucosa to suck blood, so this disease is mainly damaged in the duodenum and hematopoietic system. Hookworms suck about 0.


The Risk Of Anemia Due To Infection With Helminths

.2ml to 0.34ml of blood every day. Worms suck about 0.03ml to 0.05ml of blood each day
So anemia occurs slowly over a long period of time, the number of red blood cells also decreases, fades and they are smaller than normal In addition, hookworms cause inflammation of the duodenum and secretion of anticoagulant, which causes the wound to tell bloodworms to cause prolonged bleeding, leading to blood loss. In this case, if the blood is not compensated, the patient may experience poor health, malnutrition, mental retardation and heart failure.
In addition to preventive measures such as environmental sanitation, management and disposal of excreta, it is necessary to use short-term measures to prevent larval penetration through the skin by limiting barefoot, hand washing. before eating and after using the toilet.


The Risk Of Anemia Due To Infection With Helminths

.
Hair worms
Hairworm is common in adults. In the case of infected worms, there is almost no clinical manifestation, only when severe infection (over 50 children) will manifest clinical manifestations. Hairworms usually parasitize in the cecum, damaging the intestinal mucosa, causing irritation in the large intestine and causing millions of dysentery, abdominal pain, and frequent bowel movements many times a day, but each time there is blood.
There are cases of hair worms can get into the appendix causing excess inflammation, if not handled early can cause peritonitis and death Patients infected with hair worms often have itchy, allergic reactions, anemia, pale skin, fatigue, dizziness, dizziness, tinnitus, dry and easily broken hair.
The cause of anemia is the bloodworms that suck blood when plugged into the tip of the intestinal mucosa to bleed at the site. In addition, patients also have manifestations of physiological disorders: women have menstrual disorders, men will be physiologically weak or helpless, children will lose appetite, lack of blood protein, grow slowly, ... For diagnosis Exactly, patients need to visit a specialist parasite clinic to have a stool stool and look for worm eggs.


The Risk Of Anemia Due To Infection With Helminths

.
Prevent disease by personal hygiene, avoid causing pollution to the surrounding environment.
Flukes tapeworm
Around the world, there are about 2 million people infected with fish tapeworm infection, Fish tapeworm common in countries in Europe, America, Asia
Fish tapeworm infections often have clear symptoms that are usually abdominal pain, loss of appetite, weight loss, ...
When sick people (or dogs, cats, or ferrets) eat raw fish containing plerocecoid larvae, enter the small intestine, the larvae will attach to the intestinal wall by two suction channels, absorbing nutrients through the highly absorbable vitamin B12. many, so patients with anemia syndrome, this is the state of anemia due to B12 deficiency, Biermer type has large and immature red blood cells.
When people with anemia should see a Specialist for an accurate test and diagnosis.
Preventing the disease by not eating raw fish salad, managing waste and immediately treating it if necessary.
Ds.


The Risk Of Anemia Due To Infection With Helminths

Nguyen Thi Thuy.

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