Things To Know About Ascaris Lumbricoides
Causes of ascariasis
Ascaris lumbricoides has a common scientific name called Ascaris lumbricoides. This type of worm is quite large in size, an adult female is from 20 to 25 cm long, and the male worm is from 15 to 17 cm. The parasitic position of roundworm larvae is in the human intestine.
When female roundworm eggs lay, if dropped into the soil, the eggs will develop into worm larvae. Normal ambient temperatures are favorable for worm larvae to continue to grow. The habit of walking barefoot, exposing to the outside environment without tools, means of protection, not hand hygiene ..
Children are more susceptible to worm infections than adults, and rural children have higher prevalence of worm infections than children in urban areas. Because young children often do not have the sense of protecting the body, or walking barefoot, putting their hands in their mouths, etc.
., this is a condition for transmission.
What is the infection of ascariasis?
Manifestations of roundworm infection are not specific, easily confused with other pathologies.
In children, symptoms can be digestive disorders, malnutrition, stunting, growth retardation.
If there are too many worms in the intestines, children may have intestinal obstruction, abdominal cramps, abdominal distention, constipation. When worms from the small intestine pass through the bile duct, they will cause bile obstruction, cholangitis, biliary tract stones, and worms that enter the appendix causing acute appendicitis
If the worms to the lungs, causing wheezing, chronic shortness of breath or acute manifestations such as severe chest pain, dry cough, high fever
What to do to know if you have roundworm infection?
The diagnosis is made by a stool test, a blood test, a microscope for worms or eggs.
To diagnose ascariasis, your doctor will check your stool for eggs or larvae of the worms. Worm eggs will not appear in the stool for at least 40 days after being infected with roundworm.
Roundworm increases the amount of eosinophils.
. Therefore, the doctor can perform a blood test of the patient to check for the increase of this type of white blood cells, thereby diagnosing the patient with ascariasis or not. It can also be detected by serological diagnosis by ELISA method.
Depending on the case, there are many ways to do such as: X-ray, ultrasound or CT scan and MRI. By these methods, your doctor can detect roundworm in your liver or pancreas, or in your lungs and abdomen
How to prevent ascariasis
To prevent infection with roundworm and other parasites in general, there is no more effective measure than to keep it clean.
Wash hands well before eating and after going to the toilet, cleaning children's homes, utensils, and toys regularly with disinfectant water.
Always eat cooked food, boiled water to cool, avoid eating raw or re-cooked food.
Limit raw vegetables; If necessary, wash vegetables several times with specialized vegetable washing water.
Do not go barefoot; When gardening, cleaning garbage, need to wear boots, masks, gloves. Do not use fresh manure to fertilize tubers.
For toilets and sewers, regular cleaning and handling of environmentally friendly disinfectant chemicals must be carried out regularly.
Worms should be taken periodically every 6 months for the whole family The drug works not only on roundworm but also helps eradicate other types of helminths.
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