Things To Know About Hookworm Ancylostoma
Ancylostoma hookworm infection is when there is a hookworm larva that lives in the body. Larvae and adult worms live in the intestines of infected people or animals. When excreta is used as fertilizer, worm eggs will cling to the soil, mature eggs and hatch larvae that can penetrate into human skin. People who walk barefoot in this soil will be infected with hookworms because hookworm larvae are often so small that they cannot be seen.
Manifestations of disease
Bluish skin, pale mucous membranes.
Epigastric pain depends on the degree of worm infection. The pain has no definite time, appetite, indigestion.
When hookworm larvae penetrate the skin causing local dermatitis with itching symptoms, there are many red spots that go away after 1-2 days
Hook anemia is a debilitating anemia
Causes total protein loss
Eosinophilia increased by 5-12%.
Stool microscopy (Kato or Kato-Katz technique): There are hookworm eggs in the stool test: hookworm eggs are oval shaped, outside is a colorless, smooth crust.
. Eggs have nuclei, at birth there are embryonic eggs.
Causes of hookworm infection
People who work in an unhygienic environment, especially in rural areas, who work on horticulture, use living fertilizers to fertilize plants, etc.
Eat foods containing hookworm larvae: raw vegetables, washed vegetables, not cooked foods, ..
Most cases of intestinal worms are mainly children
Hookworm infection rates in women are often higher than in men
Treatment of hookworm disease
Use drugs that work with many types of worms to kill worms such as albendazole single dose for all subjects over 2 years old or single dose mebendazole. This medication should be used with caution during pregnancy and breastfeeding, as it can harm the baby. The drug affects the kidneys and kidneys, so when certain treatments must follow the doctor's instructions about the dose and duration of use within the permitted limits.
If you have anemia, take iron supplements.
Keep track of your symptoms progression for effective treatment
Follow your doctor's instructions and don't take any medications or prescribe them on your own.
Maintain a diet high in protein and vitamins for about 3 months.
How to prevent hookworm disease
Strengthen personal hygiene, environmental sanitation, environmental protection to avoid faecal contamination.
Wash hands before and after preparing food, eating it, and boiling it
Do not use fresh manure to fertilize gardens or vegetables.
Wear protective gear when in contact with the land.
In mines, should have annual health examination and periodic testing.
Deworming periodically 1 year 2 times, 6 months apart.
When you have symptoms of hookworm infection, see your doctor for timely and accurate treatment advice.
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