What Is Demodex Dermatitis?

Demodex is a very small parasite belonging to the arthropod group. Demodex has 2 types that cause skin manifestations such as dermatitis:
Demodex Folliculorum is a long parasite in hair follicles, hair and usually develops on the surface of the skin or not too deep below the skin epidermis.
Demodex Brevis is a shorter, parasitic parasite in the human sebaceous gland, often causing specific signs such as the chest area, back deeper below the skin epidermis.
The Demodex parasite, commonly found in humans, grows in a hair follicle for nutrition to grow, in other words it eats dead cells in human skin. Demodex usually develops primarily on the face and around the eyelids. In addition, they also parasitize the skin of the body. Demodex infection has some manifestations such as:
Rosacea: An inflammatory skin condition that causes skin irritation to cause redness, dryness and easy damage to the skin.
Blepharitis: An inflammation of the red eyes and painful eyelids
Hair loss: Demodex develops on the scalp causing Androgenetic hair loss


Dermatitis: Signs on the skin such as causing acne, creating bruises or red spots around the face
The Demodex in the skin of a human face looks into a microscope
Signs of Demodex dermatitis
Demodex dermatitis has signs of skin suddenly becoming abnormally dry and lasting for a long time The Demodex parasite grows where redness is similar to the skin rash. In addition, there are symptoms such as itching or skin irritation, desquamation, reddish patches appearing on the surface of the skin, sensitive skin, with a burning appearance on the skin.


What Is Demodex Dermatitis?

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Symptoms of Demodex dermatitis are often similar to acne, dry skin or other dermatitis, so it's easy to get confused.
Dermodex dermatitis often causes spots such as eyelids, cheeks, hair loss, and forehead dermatitis.
Facial itching, pimples caused by Demodex
Causes of Demodex dermatitis
Demodex dermatitis is usually harmless and does not affect human health. In cases, in people with weak immune systems, the parasite can develop and cause skin manifestations. The Demodex parasite grows the number of cells in hair follicles
With a large number of Dermodex parasites, patients have signs of disease such as dermatitis, itching and very uncomfortable on the skin surface
In addition, Demodex parasites can also be spread from person to person through contact. Demodex dermatitis is common in adults aged 20-30 years and older. Because adults have a strong sebum production system, children have low levels of sebum production. In addition, Demodex dermatitis is common in men and women, and scientists still don't know why.


What Is Demodex Dermatitis?

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People with strong sebaceous glands are susceptible to Demodex dermatitis
The Demodex parasite cannot be seen with the naked eye with an adult size of 0.3-0.4mm. They love the sebum secretion from human skin, they swim in the lubricant and eat them Therefore, if ki shows signs of skin, patients need to see a doctor to perform tests to diagnose the disease. In order to diagnose dermatitis caused by Demodex, the doctor will remove the skin sample from the abnormal skin area and the skin with oily skin from the patient's face to test in the laboratory. Very small in size, scraping the skin sample will be microscopic examination to find the Dermodex parasite.
How to treat Demodex dermatitis
Demodex dermatitis usually develops primarily on the face. This makes it difficult to treat because the facial skin is very sensitive. For the treatment of dermatitis caused by the Demodex parasite, the drug can be used according to a doctor's instructions.


What Is Demodex Dermatitis?

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Use of medication
Some medicines can be used to treat Demodex dermatitis to prevent the spread of the disease.
Some topical medications, such as Crotamiton or Permethrin, that can eliminate or reduce the number of Demodex parasites that develop, will improve the disease
Using water or a facial cleanser to limit the growth in the number of dermodex parasites, can fight inflammation, relieve pain and prevent diseases
Apply a solution containing high concentrations of alcohol to places where the Demodex parasite is present. You can then apply tick killers and treat skin lesions on the affected area. Follow your doctor's instructions.
Use prescription antibiotics such as Metronidazole or by mouth to eliminate Dermodex, which can be combined with Ivermectin to kill effective treatment.
Home care
Some ways to reduce the development of Demodex parasites on the skin include:
A daily shower of body hygiene reduces the amount of oil on the body to limit the increase in the number of parasites.
Wash your hair with a gentle shampoo or natural shampoo.
Clean your face twice a day with a cleanser.
Exfoliating for the skin usually removes sebum, dead cells avoid remaining in the skin.


What Is Demodex Dermatitis?


Avoid oils, lotions, and sunscreens that are high in oil.
However, the case noticed signs of skin redness, itching or crusting, ... should come to the disease.

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