What Is The Treatment For Atopic Skin Itching Caused By Dust Mites?
The causes of allergy dust mites
House dust mites are a type of spider mites, small in size about 1 / 4mm so the human eye can not see. They often live in house dust, bedding, blankets, sheets, pillows, mattresses, ... especially in humid places, poor hygiene or in a collective living place
They are not like scabies or burrowing burrows under human skin and cause itching, dermatitis. House dust mites often cause an allergic reaction through the substances that it releases into the air. In the intestine and feces of house dust mites contain strong digestive enzymes such as Peptidase 1, this is the main cause of allergy symptoms
An allergic reaction can occur when the immune system works with a foreign substance that is thought to be harmful to the body. In the case of a house dust allergy, enzymes or their skeletons are allergens.
. When the immune system comes in contact with an allergen, it produces an antibody to fight off, which produces chemicals that cause allergy symptoms. Frequent or prolonged contact with house dust mites will cause allergy symptoms to progress to chronic.
Factors that increase the risk of a house dust mite allergy
You are more likely to have a house dust allergy than others if:
A family history of allergies: you are more sensitive to house dust mites if some of your family members have an allergy such as allergic rhinitis, or asthma.
Exposure to house dust mites in the first years of life increases the risk of allergy to dust mites
Children and the elderly are more likely to have dust mites than adults
Allergy symptoms of house dust mites
Allergy dust mite symptoms can be severe or mild. The most common signs include:
Sneezing, runny nose
Itching, redness, tearing
Itchy nose, mouth or throat
Sinus pressure, which can cause facial pain
Swollen skin, blue skin under the eyes
When you have asthma, the allergy to house dust mites is more serious as follows:
Chest pain, chest tightness
Shortness of breath
Trouble sleeping due to coughing or wheezing
Hard to say
Severe asthma attacks
Complications complications of house dust mites
If you are exposed to regular house dust mites, it can lead to a number of complications such as:
Sinusitis: a condition in which nasal tissue cells in the nose are constantly inflamed, which can clog the nasal sinuses
Asthma: severe attacks can make asthma management difficult and patients need immediate medical attention.
Diagnose allergy dust mites
To determine if you are allergic to certain substances in the air, your doctor will use a light device to look at the condition of the nasal mucosa. Normally, an allergy to airborne substances will cause the lining of the nasal passages to swell.
For a more accurate diagnosis, your doctor may recommend a number of tests, such as:
Skin allergy test: in this test, a small amount of delicate allergen is applied to the skin surface.
. If you have a house dust mite allergy, it will be itchy and red at the site of application.
Blood test: in some cases the doctor will order a blood test to screen for antibodies that cause specific allergies to allergens.
Your doctor will suspect you may have a dust mite allergy if symptoms appear at night or after home cleaning.
Treat allergy house dust mites
The best treatment option is to limit contact with house dust mites To control allergy symptoms your doctor may prescribe a number of medications such as:
Antihistamines help relieve itching, sneezing, and a runny nose. Commonly used oral antihistamines such as fexofenadine (Fexostad), loratadine (Lorastad, Claritin,), cetirizine (Zyrtec). There are also nasal antihistamines including azelastine (Astelin, Astepro) and olopatadine (Patanase).
Corticosteroids are used to control symptoms of allergic rhinitis, which include flnomasone propionate (Flonase), mometasone furoate (Nasonex), triamcinolone (Nasacort Allergy 24HR), ciclesonide (Omnaris).
Vasoconstrictor medications help shrink swollen tissues in the nasal passages, making it easier to breathe through the nose.
Leukotriene preparations help block the action of certain chemicals on the immune system.
Immunotherapy: conducted by injecting the allergen about 1-2 times per week, increasing the dose over 3 to 6 months to "train" the immune system to no longer be sensitive to allergens application.
Nasal wash: cleanses mucus, mucus, and irritants from sinuses
Use PIP Allergy Free room spray: is a pneumatic spray containing probiotic bacteria to control odors, mold, prevent allergy symptoms caused by house dust mites, prevent the spread of pathogens in air.
Preventing dust mite allergies
Use an air conditioner or dehumidifier to keep the relative humidity at around 30-50% indoors.
Vacuum the house and the entire surface of bedding, tables ... wash clothes in hot water at 54.4 ° C to kill dust mites and remove allergens
Remove the carpet as it is often home to many dust mites, allergens
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