What Is The Urine Test For?
The normal values listed here are for reference only as a guide. Normal ranges can vary from lab to laboratory and even to your own lab. The report of a laboratory's results should cover the normal ranges used by the laboratory. In addition, the doctor will evaluate the results of a urine test based on a person's health and other factors.
The urine test is a routine test for all patients at the examination
Result of urine biochemical test:
Color Normal From light yellow to dark yellow
Many foods and some medicines can affect the color of urine
Clear in Normal In
Unusual urine can be caused by pus (white blood cells), blood (red blood cells), sperm, etc.
Smell Normal Odor "appealing"
Unusual Some foods (such as asparagus), vitamins, and some antibiotics (such as penicillin) can make urine smell different. The sweet fruity aroma can be caused by uncontrolled diabetes. A urinary tract infection (UTI) can cause bad urine.
Normal Density 1
Abnormal Concentrated urine causes high density, due to inadequate intake of fluids, excessive dehydration (excessive vomiting, sweating, diarrhea), or the presence of substances (glucose, protein) in the urine. Very low density means urine is very thin, possibly due to drinking too much fluid, or using diuretics.
Normal pH 5.0-8.
Abnormal Certain foods (oranges, tangerines and dairy products) and medicines (such as antacids) can affect urine pH. High pH (alkaline) can be caused by vomiting, kidney disease, some urinary tract infections and asthma. Low pH (acid) can be caused by severe lung disease (emphysema), uncontrolled diabetes, aspirin overdose, severe diarrhea, dehydration, hunger, excessive alcohol consumption, or heavy freezing. (ethylene glycol)
Normal Protein Negative
Abnormal May be due to kidney damage, infection, cancer, high blood pressure, diabetes, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Or glomerulonephritis. It could also be due to heart failure, leukemia, poison (lead or mercury poisoning), or pre-eclampsia (if you're pregnant).
Normal Glucose Negative
Abnormal intravenous administration of glucose solution can cause glucose in the urine. The process of glucose in the urine can be caused by uncontrolled diabetes, adrenal gland problems, liver damage, brain damage, some types of poisoning, and some types of kidney disease. Healthy pregnant women may have glucose in the urine, which is normal during pregnancy.
Ketone Normal Negative
Abnormal When patients have diabetes, very low carbohydrate diet, eating disorders. Ketone is usually found in a person's urine when not eaten for 18 hours or longer This can happen when a person is sick and cannot eat or vomit for several days. Low levels of ketones are sometimes found in the urine of healthy women who are pregnant.
Urine test to check for parasitic helminths by microscopic sedimentation of urine. In the urine of patients, we can find tapeworm larvae, bacteria in the urine that can not be detected by biochemical tests.
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