Worms And What To Know To Prevent Disease

Trichuris trichiura is a very common infection of the intestinal worms. This is the third largest worm infection in the world, with approximately 604–795 million people infected.
Hair parasitic worms in human intestines
Hairworm is the most common disease in tropical and subtropical countries including Vietnam. Human hairworm disease is spread mainly through diet and stool. Living hygiene can increase the risk of further illness.
The most favorable environment for developing hairworm disease is hot and humid climate, unhygienic personal hygiene, backward lifestyle. People in rural areas are often more infected than people in urban areas, especially in areas with habit of using fresh fertilizer to fertilize fields.
Causes of Hairworm disease
The causative agent of trichuris trichiura hairworm
Hairworms are usually pale pink or milky white

Female worms are about 30-50 mm long, male worms are about 30-45 mm long The female's tail is usually straight, the male's tail is curved and will have a genital spine.
Survival ability in the external environment: hairworm eggs have most of them having time to develop in the outside to be able to infect humans.


Worms And What To Know To Prevent Disease

. The time for eggs to develop into eggs carrying larvae is about 17 - 30 days in a temperature of about 25 - 300C, humidity is over 80% and must have oxygen. Hairworm eggs are more prone to damage under the influence of sunlight, with temperatures above 500C worm eggs will die.
A female worm lays an average of 3,000-20,000 eggs a day, so the speed of the disease is very serious if it is not detected, diagnosed and treated in time.
The most common cause of people suffering from hairworm infection is by eating undercooked foods and drinking water containing hairworm eggs.
Where do hairworms usually live?
Worms often hide in soil, so if children play in areas where worms are found and accidentally bring their hands to their mouths, they are also more likely to become infected

Symptoms of Hair Worms
Depending on the level of infection, there will be different symptoms, namely:
Mild infection of the hair worm: most have no specific symptoms; Some cases may have symptoms such as nausea, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, constipation, indigestion, headache
Severe infection of hairworms:
They will damage the intestinal mucosa in place, resulting in digestion that is similar to dysentery syndrome (abdominal pain, diarrhea, small stools per defecation and sometimes with little blood).
Causing anemia, abnormal recording, body weakness ...


Worms And What To Know To Prevent Disease

.
Hairworms, when severe and prolonged, can cause rectal prolapse and secondary infection due to prolapse and ulceration of the rectum.
In rare cases, itching rash can occur.
When having one of the above symptoms, people should immediately go to the nearest hospital / health center to be examined, diagnosed and given timely treatment by specialists.
How is it transmitted?
The place where the hair worm is located is human
Incubation period: usually not clear. When humans ingest hairworm eggs, eggs will hatch into the small intestine, release larvae, larvae go through the intestinal wall and enter the bloodstream, they move to the alveoli and develop in the lungs, then go up trachea and swallowed back into the stomach. In the cecum, this larva develops into an adult hair worm. From the time the patient swallows eggs with larvae to the first symptoms in the lungs from 5-14 days.
The stage of transmission: is the period of life of the female worm when maturing from being fertilized. From swallowing eggs containing larvae to adult worms will lay eggs about 45 to 60 days.


Worms And What To Know To Prevent Disease

. The life cycle of hair worms can live from 5 to 6 years if untreated
Who is at risk for Hairworm disease
Anyone can get trichuriasis if they ingest larvae or eggs. Meanwhile, childhood hairworm infections are very common because they often play in soil contaminated with worms and then put their hands in their mouths
Causes that increase the risk of hairworm infection include:
Handling faeces, waste water and garbage in contravention of hygiene regulations
Use fresh manure to fertilize and water plants
Eating and drinking are not hygienic
Direct contact with the environment with hairworm eggs.
Preventing hairworm disease
Regularly propagandizing and educating to raise people's awareness about food hygiene and safety, personal / community hygiene, protect the lips of people to prevent the risk of hairworm infection.
Building reasonable toilets. Must create for themselves a reasonable personal hygiene lifestyle: clean hands before eating and after going to the toilet
Eat boiled and boiled foods, limit eating raw vegetables before they are washed.
Do not use fresh manure to fertilize plants
Everyone should deworm worms once every 6 months.
Measures to treat Hairworm
Use single dose with high efficiency. However, the resistance of drugs due to indiscriminate use affects the effectiveness of worms. Depending on the severity of the disease, the doctor will prescribe appropriate medication for each patient to kill hairworms.


Worms And What To Know To Prevent Disease


The treatment of hair worms.

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