Adolescent Health Care Period 15 To 17 Years Old
In adolescence, they need to prepare for college, college or vocational school. They also often start some part-time jobs during junior high school.
Emotional development and social life
Adolescents tend to be more influenced by their peers than their parents in both the information side and the need to get help. During this period, they are also at a higher risk for developing neurological disorders such as depression or anxiety. At the same time interest in sex has also increased.
At the age of 15 to 17, most of them have been fully vaccinated. One dose of diphtheria vaccine, tetanus pertussis, one vaccine against hepatitis A, chicken pox, measles .
may be given again or added during this period if the children were not vaccinated against these vaccines when they were small. Girls can get a human papillomavirus vaccine - to prevent cervical cancer; The vaccine consists of 3 doses, given 6 months apart, with the vaccine usually given to people aged 11 to 12 years, although it can be given as early as 9 years. Annual flu vaccines should also be reviewed and vaccinated for children at a time when pandemic flu is common.
Vision and hearing testing for children should be done annually. In particular, the child's vision should be checked at least once in the age of 15 to 17 years old. In addition, depending on the specific risk group, children should have their health checked by a number of tests such as anemia (tuberculosis) syndrome, tuberculosis and cholesterol. They should also be checked for alcohol or substance use
Cervical cancer screenings should be applied to people who have had sex for about 3 years.
Nutrition and oral health
Adequate calcium intake is essential for teenagers. So at this time, they are encouraged to drink calcium-rich and low-fat milk daily. For children who do not drink milk or dairy products on a regular basis, calcium-rich foods such as soft drinks, bread, some calcium-rich tubers or canned fish are also an effective way to Provide adequate calcium.
Drink a lot of water. However, for fruit juices, you should limit your intake to 8-12 ounces (240- 350 ml) per day. Avoid sugary drinks and soda.
Discourage skipping meals, especially breakfast.
Children should eat enough vegetables as well as fish.
Avoid choosing foods that are high in fat, salt and sugar such as candy, cakes or chips because these foods are bad for your health.
Encourage them to help cook the food or set the table
Encourage them to eat meals at set times and eat with their family whenever possible, socializing during meals is necessary, limiting fast food and eating at restaurants.
Brush your teeth 2 times a day and floss daily
Oral health checkups every 2 years.
Adequate sleep time is good for teens. You should not stay up late because it will be difficult to wake up on time.
Reading before bed is a good habit, so limit watching TV during bedtime.
Illustrative image: Reading before bed
Physical, social and emotional development in adolescence
They should exercise at least 60 minutes a day.
They should join sports clubs at school or after school. Encourage them to develop their interests and direct them to community activities or volunteer activities.
Mingle and share the difficulties of friends with children and activities.
Learning is one of the most important responsibilities for children. You should also communicate regularly and find out and give advice to your children about career orientation and future school.
Discuss dating views and sexual health / safety for the children. You should try to create a relaxed atmosphere when you and your children discuss this issue and also allow them to express their own views.
Talk to the children about their image.
Eating-related disorders can easily be detected at this time, especially overweight. Make an effort to work with your child to adjust to increasing or losing weight for a healthy body and a healthy weight.
In adolescence, depression, anxiety, alcoholism, or attention can easily be reduced. Therefore, you should see a doctor if your child has mental health problems.
Encourage and guide children to make arrangements and resolve things without resorting to violence.
Talk to children about safety at school. Learn and help children stay away from gangster activities. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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