Dash Diet – Eat A Healthy Diet To Control Blood Pressure
What is the DASH diet?
DASH, which stands for Dietary Approches to Stop Hypertension, is a balanced diet that is trusted and recommended by family doctors. This diet adheres to the following principles:
Low in salt, saturated fat, cholestorol and other fats.
Many fruits, vegetables, milk and low-fat or low-fat dairy products.
The menu also includes whole grains, fish, poultry and nuts.
Limit red meat, sweets, and sugary foods.
Rich in potassium, magnesium, calcium, protein and fiber.
What are the health benefits of the DASH diet?
A diet too high in sodium (salt) can result in high blood pressure (also called hypertension). Salt is usually available in natural foods, and a portion is added during cooking
The fruits, vegetables and whole grains recommended in the DASH diet provide many other elements of a healthy diet, such as lycopene, beta-carotene and isoflavones, which help protect The body fights diseases such as cancer, osteoporosis, stroke and diabetes. The risk of cardiovascular disease is also reduced due to reduced cholestorol levels.
DASH mode can help lower your blood pressure right after 2 weeks of application. However, do not stop using blood pressure medication or any other prescribed medication without first consulting your doctor.
DASH diet - preventing hypertension (Photo: Community Medicine)
What foods are in the DASH diet?
DASH is the nutritional balance for health. You do not need to buy any special medicine or food, nor do you need to follow any recipes. The amount of calories absorbed in DASH mode is 2000 calories / day from many different foods
Where is salt in my diet?
Kind of food
¼ teaspoon salt
½ teaspoon salt
1 teaspoon salt
1 regular hambuger
2 ounces of processed cheese
1 tbsp of soy sauce
1 pizza with meat and vegetables
8 ounces of regular french fries 1192 mg
Whole grains (6-8 servings a day).
Vegetables (4-5 servings a day).
Fruit (4-5 servings a day).
Low-fat or non-fat milk and milk products (2-3 servings a day).
Lean meats, poultry and fish (6 or fewer per day).
Nuts and legumes (4-5 servings per week).
Fat and oils (2-3 servings a day)
Sweets, preferably low-fat or non-fat (5 or less a week).
Sodium (no more than 2300 mg a day).
You can adapt the DASH modes to meet your needs.
If you drink alcohol, limit yourself to 2 drinks a day or less for men and 1 drink a day or less for women.
To increase the effectiveness of lowering blood pressure, replace some of the carbohydrates in the DASH diet with low-fat and unsaturated protein.
If you need to lose weight, reduce the number of calories you eat to about 1600 per day.
Eat a diet low in salt (less than 1500 mg / day) if you are 40 or older, you are African American or if you have high blood pressure.
How can you change your eating habits?
Do not be discouraged if you find it difficult to start the DASH diet. Start slowly with small, easily achievable goals. The following suggestions will help you make healthier changes more easily:
Pay attention to your current eating habits. Make a list of things you eat in 2 or 3 days.
Compare this list with the DASH diet mentioned above and see what points you should change on your menu.
Change step by step. For example, with your favorite foods, start choosing low-fat varieties, or increasing the amount of cereal at your meal.
Learn about the ration of each type of food. For example, a serving consists of 1 slice of bread, 8 ounces of milk, 1 cup of raw vegetables or ½ cup of cooked vegetables. You can get more information on such rations from the NHLBI website. If you don't have a measuring cup, here's the information you need: 1 serving of meat or poultry (3 ounces) the size of a deck of cards. A serving of rice (equivalent to ½ cup) or potato is about the size of a baseball, and a serving of cheese about the size of four dice is stacked.
If eating a lot of fruits and vegetables makes you bloated or have diarrhea, increase the intake of these foods slowly. You can also consult your doctor if you want to use other medications to help relieve symptoms until your body adjusts.
Get more exercise. Physical activity helps lower your blood pressure and can help you lose more weight.
Use unsalted spices, such as spices and herbs, to add flavor to your recipes and. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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