Harm Of Tobacco, Alcohol And Drugs In Pregnant Women
Translator's note: This article is translated from the American GP, so it contains information relevant to American life that may not yet be available in Vietnam, including information on assistance from government and social welfare conditions.
Tobacco, alcohol, drugs and pregnancy (Image source: bipolarnews.org)
Why is smoking dangerous during pregnancy?
If a mother smokes during pregnancy, the baby will be exposed to toxic chemicals like tar, nicotine, and carbon monoxide. Nicotine narrows blood vessels, leading to reduced oxygen and nutrients to the fetus. Carbon monoxide reduces the amount of oxygen the child receives.
Why smoking during pregnancy can be a risk to your baby?
If a mother smokes during pregnancy, the chances of a premature birth and disorders of how the placenta attaches to the uterus increase. At the same time, babies born to these women are often younger. They are also more likely to have asthma, abdominal pain, and obesity
How does secondhand smoke affect a baby during pregnancy?
If a mother breathes in secondhand smoke, the risk of having a premature baby increases to 20%. Babies who are exposed to secondhand smoke are at a higher risk of sudden infant death syndrome, and are also more likely to suffer from respiratory diseases.
Any help if you want to quit?
If you know you are pregnant and are smoking, talk to your doctor. Your doctor will help you find help and quit programs where you live. Or you can call the national line 1-800-Quit-Now (this line is for people living in the US, the comment of the translator).
Can nicotine gum or nicotine patches be used to quit smoking during pregnancy?
Care must be taken when using nicotine replacement measures (such as using nicotine gum or nicotine patches) or when using tobacco cessation drugs. Only use nicotine replacement products when other methods of quitting don't work and when you and your doctor have considered the risks they pose compared to smoking directly
Why drinking alcohol during pregnancy can be dangerous to the baby?
When pregnant women drink alcohol, the alcohol will quickly pass to the fetus through the placenta. In adults, alcohol is digested by the liver. The fetal liver is not yet fully developed to be able to digest alcohol.
What is fetal alcohol spectrum disorder?
"Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder" is a term used to refer to the effects of drinking alcohol on pregnancy. These effects may include health, intellectual, behavioral, and educational effects, and these effects can last a lifetime.
What is fetal alcohol syndrome?
Fetal alcohol syndrome is the most severe form of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. This syndrome can cause developmental, intellectual or behavioral disorders, and the child has an abnormal face.
How much alcohol consumption leads to fetal alcohol syndrome?
Babies are at high risk of this syndrome if the mother is heavily alcoholic (drink more than 3 drinks at a time or more than 7 drinks a week) and drink regularly during pregnancy.
However, drinking less can also cause this syndrome. Even moderate drinking (defined as 1 cup a day) can cause lifelong learning and behavioral disorders in children.
What is the safe amount of alcohol to drink during pregnancy?
No amount of alcohol is safe to drink during pregnancy. Alcohol can affect your baby during pregnancy. It is best not to drink at all during pregnancy. If you've ever been drinking before you knew you were pregnant, you can reduce your baby's risk by stopping.
How to use illegal drugs?
Illegal drug use includes the use of heroin, cocaine, methamphetamine, and marijuana, and doctor's prescription drug use for non-medical purposes.
How can drug use during pregnancy affect the baby?
The effect of drugs on the baby depends on many factors: the dose of the drug, the frequency of the use, and the time at which the drug is used.
The first period of pregnancy is when the baby develops major parts of the body. Drug use during this time can lead to birth defects and miscarriage. Drug use at the rest of the time can affect your baby's development and can cause premature birth and stillbirth.
How do drugs affect babies after birth?
Drugs can be passed from mother to baby through breastfeeding.
Why is it important to tell the doctor if a mother uses drugs during pregnancy?
It is necessary to be honest with the doctor so the mother and baby can receive the necessary help. A drug test using a hair or urine sample during pregnancy or labor will be conducted if your doctor suspects that you use the drug or you have complications showing drug use during pregnancy. and give birth. Testing on babies after birth can also be done.
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