Healthy Pregnancy For Women With Diabetes

What is diabetes?
Diabetes (Diabetes) is caused by a problem with insulin. Insulin moves glucose out of the bloodstream and into the body's cells, where it can be converted into energy. The diabetes that comes before pregnancy is "pre-pregnancy diabetes."
When the body doesn't make enough insulin or doesn't respond to it, glucose can't enter the cell and instead stays in the blood. As a result, the level of glucose in the blood increases. Over time, high blood sugar can damage your body and cause serious health problems, such as heart disease and kidney disease.
Does prenatal diabetes affect pregnancy?
If diabetes is not well managed, there is an increased risk of diabetes-related complications. The following problems may occur in women with diabetes:
Birth defects
High blood pressure
Poly amniotic fluid - In this condition, there is an increase in the amniotic fluid in the amniotic sac surrounding the baby

It can lead to premature birth or difficulty in delivery.


Healthy Pregnancy For Women With Diabetes


Big pregnancy - Babies get too much sugar from the mother and can grow too big. An older child can make birth more difficult. A large baby also increases the risk of cesarean section.
How does prenatal diabetes affect my baby?
Babies born to mothers with prenatal diabetes may have breathing problems, hypoglycemia and jaundice. Most babies are healthy after birth, although some may need special care after giving birth for some time. The good news is that with an appropriate diabetes plan and control, you can reduce the risk of these problems.
If I have diabetes and want to become pregnant, is it necessary to tell the doctor?
Yes, your doctor will help you control blood sugar before pregnancy (if it is not already controlled)
Controlling your sugar levels is important because some birth defects due to high sugar levels occur when your baby's organs are developing during the first 8 weeks of pregnancy, before you can know you're pregnant.


Healthy Pregnancy For Women With Diabetes

pregnant. For your blood sugar to be under control, you may need to change your medication, diet, and exercise program.
Control diabetes in pregnancy
You can control your blood sugar level by combining proper eating, exercise, and medication as directed by your doctor. You may need to see your doctor more often. Your doctor will schedule a prenatal meeting to check your sugar and other tests.
How to measure blood sugar control level?
A blood test called (HbA1C) can be used to track changes in your blood sugar level. This test will result in an estimate of how your blood sugar level has been controlled over the past 4-6 weeks.
Can pregnancy affect blood sugar?
Women with diabetes are more likely to have low blood sugar, called hypoglycemia, when they are pregnant.


Healthy Pregnancy For Women With Diabetes

Hypoglycemia can occur if you do not eat enough food, skip a meal, do not eat at the right time of day, or exercise too much. Make sure you and your family members know what to do if you think you are having symptoms of hypoglycemia, such as dizziness, feeling shaky, sudden hunger, sweating or weakness.
Does diet affect pregnancy?
Eating a healthy, balanced diet is an important part of pregnancy because your baby depends on the food you eat for your baby's development and nurture. In women with diabetes, the diet is even more important. Not eating right can cause your blood sugar to be too high or too low.
Is exercise helpful during pregnancy?
Exercise helps keep blood sugar levels normal and has many other benefits, including controlling your weight; boost your energy; sleep aid; and relieve back pain, constipation and flatulence.
Will I have to take medication to control my diabetes during pregnancy?
If you took insulin before pregnancy to control diabetes, your insulin dose will usually increase while you are pregnant. Insulin is safe to use during pregnancy and does not cause birth defects.


Healthy Pregnancy For Women With Diabetes

If you use an insulin pump before becoming pregnant, you will probably be able to continue using the pump. However, sometimes you may need to switch to insulin injections.
If you often manage your diabetes with oral medications, your doctor may suggest changing your dose or switching to insulin while you are pregnant.
How will diabetes affect during pregnancy and childbirth?
Labor can be caused (by medication or other means) earlier than the due date, especially when problems occur during pregnancy. During labor your glucose levels will be closely monitored, usually every hour. If necessary, you may be given intravenous (IV) insulin. If you use an insulin pump, b.

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