Hepatitis B And Pregnancy

What is hepatitis B virus?
Hepatitis B virus is a pathogen caused by hepatitis B virus infection. People infected with hepatitis B often have no symptoms and are easily spread in the community.
How is the hepatitis B virus spread?
Hepatitis B virus is transmitted through 3 routes:
Unsafe sex;
Contact with blood, secretions;
Mother to child.
If a pregnant mother has hepatitis B virus in her blood, it can spread to her baby mainly during childbirth. The hepatitis B virus is not transmitted by normal skin contact and is not transmitted through breastfeeding.
How will my baby get infected with early hepatitis B?
When a baby is infected with hepatitis B virus from his mother at birth, his body will not be able to get rid of the virus so he will carry the virus for life.
90% of babies will have chronic hepatitis B, which can become cirrhosis even with liver cancer in adulthood
About 5-7% of babies born with acute hepatitis can seriously affect their health and life
How do I know if I am infected with the hepatitis B virus? If I have hepatitis B, how can I reduce the transmission to my baby?
Before becoming pregnant, you should see a doctor to screen for any diseases including hepatitis B.
If you are not infected and not yet immune to the hepatitis B virus, you should be vaccinated

The hepatitis B vaccine can be safely given even during pregnancy, however, most doctors will recommend that you stop taking the vaccine until it is completed unless you are in a highly contagious state such as : relationships with a partner who is infected with hepatitis B, has multiple sex partners, is receiving treatment, .


Hepatitis B And Pregnancy

.. you need to get the vaccine even if you are pregnant.
During pregnancy, your doctor will order tests to see if you are infected with the hepatitis B virus. If you have been infected, your doctor will order additional tests to assess the activity of the virus and your liver function.
The higher the concentration of the virus in the blood, the more likely it is for the baby to be born. When the level of virus in your blood is too high, your doctor will give you antiviral medicine at the beginning of the third trimester to reduce the level of virus in your blood at birth to reduce the likelihood of transmission to the baby

Vaccinate and monitor babies born to mothers infected with the hepatitis B virus
When a mother is infected with hepatitis B, the baby will be born with 2 doses of hepatitis B vaccine.


Hepatitis B And Pregnancy


One is immunoglobulin (HBIG), which contains antibodies to kill the virus in the baby's blood from a mother, which needs an injection as soon as possible.
The second nose is the hepatitis B vaccine, which helps the body build itself against the hepatitis B virus. It will then be vaccinated against hepatitis B according to the national vaccination schedule.
When fully vaccinated, 90-95% of children will not be infected with the hepatitis B virus. When the baby is 12 months old, it is necessary to check the status of infection, immunity to hepatitis B for the baby.
If I have hepatitis B, can I breastfeed my baby?
After birth, the baby is fully vaccinated, the mother can still breastfeed normally. Studies show that the percentage of children infected with hepatitis B is the same in both breastfed and non-breastfed infants.
Summary
You need to be screened for hepatitis B before you are pregnant and to be vaccinated when you are not immune
When you are pregnant, you need to be tested to see if you have hepatitis B virus infection
If the level of hepatitis B in your blood is high, you need to be given antiviral medicine to reduce the chance of passing it to your baby at birth
A baby born to a mother with hepatitis B infection, after birth, should be vaccinated against HBIG as soon as possible and the hepatitis B vaccine.


Hepatitis B And Pregnancy


If you have hepatitis B, you can still feed your baby.

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