How Does Gestational Diabetes Affect Your Baby?
The babies of diabetic mothers are often bigger than normal, the psychology of Vietnamese mothers all prefer their children to be overweight. However, these babies often have many health problems:
Big babies are more likely to have a collarbone fracture at birth or a shoulder jam at birth (the baby's head is coming out of the vulva but the shoulder is stuck). Then the doctor will do some procedures to give birth to babies, these procedures risk breaking the collarbone, and suffocating the baby.
Increased risk of cesarean section because babies do not cross the delivery line (you should read the article to learn more about the disadvantages of babies and mothers during caesarean section)
After birth your baby is prone to hypoglycemia, severe cases can lead to coma, convulsions, brain damage
Babies often have breathing problems, their lungs are often slower to mature than babies of mothers without diabetes
Easy to hypocalcemia, may affect the functioning of the baby's heart
Increased risk of severe postpartum
Increases the risk of a sudden baby loss in the last 2 months of pregnancy
Babies often overweight, obese later
As babies grow, they are prone to diabetes
How does gestational diabetes affect you?
Big babies, increase your risk of having a cesarean section
If giving birth normally, the likelihood of damage to the pelvic muscles and tendons is more likely to result. The cut in the perineum is also longer
Later, you are more likely to be diabetic or overweight
What is gestational diabetes?
When we eat, glucose enters the bloodstream. Thanks to insulin (a substance secreted by the pancreas), glucose enters the cell and is converted into energy. During pregnancy, certain hormones change which make cells less responsive to insulin. In some women, the pancreas secretes more than insulin so the amount of sugar does not increase too much in the blood
Who is most likely to have gestational diabetes?
If you have one of the following factors, you are more likely to get gestational diabetes than others:
Gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy
There is sugar in the urine
Families with immediate family members have diabetes
Over 35 years old
There is hypertension
People in east Asia, south Asia
Previous history of pregnancy:
Big con (> 4kg)
Stillbirth (stillbirth) with no known cause
Birth defects, especially heart and nerve defects
How do I know if I have gestational diabetes?
As with the risk factors above, there is one factor that is native to east or south asia. As a result, most Vietnamese women are at risk. You will be in the 24-28 week period. If you have too many risk factors, you will have this test at the first prenatal visit and repeat at 24-28 weeks.
How is the sugar tolerance test done?
You need to fast for at least 8 hours before the test, before you should eat your last meal as usual. At the test site, you will be tested for fasting blood sugar, then drink 75g of glucose, then tested for blood sugar 1 hour and 2 hours after drinking sugar water. Therefore, it is easier to do this test in the morning, you should come early to complete 3 blood draws early and go to breakfast, if you are late, the fasting time will be prolonged
What should I do when I have gestational diabetes?
Three main meals should be eaten sparingly, in addition to 2 to 4 snacks.
Breaking down the meals helps stabilize the intake of sugar, not too high and too low. The meal still contains glucose like normal diet but in smaller amounts, it is best to eat foods containing glucose and fiber such as potatoes, beans, ... The fiber will help the food to be digested and slowly and slowly releasing glucose helps stabilize blood sugar more than other glucose sources;
Protein is very important, helps you feel full, provides energy for the body, stabilizes blood sugar well;
Breakfast is very important, blood sugar usually drops in the morning, because after a long night without eating. Limit carbs, eat more protein;
Eat more fiber: vegetables, fresh fruits, cereals, ...
these substances will decompose, providing glucose slowly avoiding high blood sugar after each meal;
Limit milk (high in lactose). Milk often has calcium, you need to supplement calcium with other sources. Pay attention to the addition of vitamins and minerals;
Unsaturated fats can help boost the body's immune system and lower cholesterol. Foods that contain unsaturated fats are: vegetable oil, olive oil, nuts, butter.
Moderation can help your body increase its sugar intake. Practice 30 minutes a day like walking, swimming, cycling.
Use medication as needed
If your blood sugar is not controlled by changes in diet and exercise, you need medication to stabilize blood sugar. The most common hypoglycemic drug used during pregnancy is insulin injections.
After birth you need to do?
During pregnancy you need to detect early gestational diabetes and control blood sugar well. So after the birth, what should you do to reduce your risk and diabetes complications?
Feed your baby early to avoid hypoglycemia. Breastfeeding reduces the risk of later obesity and diabetes;
Because babies are prone to obesity, cardiovascular disease later, you need. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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