Common behaviors of children and ways of care
Babies often use both their arms and legs the same way when moving and need help with moving their head.
Babies will sleep most of the time, waking up to change food and change diapers.
Crying can be a way of expressing your baby's need for something. Newborn babies are more likely to be startled when there is a loud noise or sudden movement.
Newborn babies often sneeze and hiccups. Sneezing doesn't mean your baby has a cold.
Many babies have jaundice in the first week after birth. Treatment is not necessary if it is only mild, but should still be checked by a physician
Always wash your hands or use disinfectant before touching your baby.
Baby skin may be dry, flaky, or like peeling. Small red spots on the baby's face and chest are common for babies.
Girls may have a white or slightly bloody discharge from the vagina. For boys who are not circumcised, do not attempt to pull the foreskin. If your baby's circumcised, flip the skin and clean the baby's head. You can apply cream to your baby until the bleeding stops. A baby's penis, after circumcision, may become yellow scaly, which is normal
Change your baby's diaper often when it's wet or soiled so she doesn't get threatened.
Over-the-counter creams and ointments can be used if your baby is slightly irritated with a diaper.
Do not use diapers that contain alcohol or irritants.
When the umbilical cord has not yet fallen, only give your baby a quick bath with a sponge. After the umbilical cord has fallen off and the umbilical part is completely healed, the baby can be placed in a bath to bathe. Be careful because baby is very slippery when wet. You don't need to wash your baby every day, but if your baby is interested in bathing, that's okay. You can apply lotion or cream after baby shower. Never leave your baby alone near water.
Clean the outside of your baby's ear with a washcloth or cotton swab, but never put a cotton swab inside the baby's ear canal. Your baby's earwax will come off by itself and leave the ear. If you put a cotton swab in, the earwax can become sticky, dry and difficult to get out.
Clean your baby's scalp with shampoo once every 1-2 days. Gently rub the baby's scalp with a soft cloth or fluffy brush. Can use a new soft bristle brush. Such gentle scrubs can help develop a baby's scalp.
Clean your baby's gums gently with a soft cloth or gauze once or twice a day.
Vaccinate the baby
Children should be vaccinated against hepatitis B before leaving the hospital.
If your baby's mother has hepatitis B, she should tell the doctor because she might need another vaccine.
A hearing test for your baby should be done at the hospital. If the test results are unsatisfactory, arrangements should be made to perform another hearing test.
Before discharge, all babies must have blood drawn to check for infant metabolism, also known as newborn screening or PKU (phenylketonuria). The experiment is regulated by the government and tests many of her genetics and metabolism. Depending on your baby's age at the time of discharge from the hospital or the local birthplace and hospital where you live, your baby may need to undergo another metabolic screening. You can ask the doctor where you have your baby to know this.
This test is important to detect baby's health problems as soon as possible and in some cases, can save a baby's life.
Dinking mother milk
Breastfeeding is the most preferred method of feeding for most babies. This method helps promote the growth, development of the baby and best prevent disease.
Doctors recommend that your baby be fully breastfed for the first 6 months of life (do not feed or drink artificial formula, water or solids).
Breastfeeding is both economical, provides the best nutrition, and is always available at the right temperature for your baby.
Every 2 hours to 3 hours, you should breastfeed once. You can breastfeed your baby according to your baby's needs during the newborn period. If you are having difficulty feeding, or have nipple pain or pain during breastfeeding, you should ask your doctor.
Babies do not need formula when they are well fed. Artificial milk can affect babies who are in the suckling period and reduce the mother's ability to supply milk.
Babies often swallow air while eating so they are prone to bloating. Burping for babies between feeds can help reduce this condition.
Infants who only breastfeed or formula less than 1000mL (33.8oz) a day should be fortified with vitamin D. You can ask your doctor about vitamin D supplementation for babies and risks of vitamin D deficiency.
Feed babies with formula milk
If your baby is not breastfed, iron formula can be offered to your baby.
Powdered milk is the cheapest option for babies, often mixing 1 teaspoon of formula and 60ml of water. You can also buy concentrated liquid milk, which has been prepared in a balanced ratio between condensed milk and water. You can also choose instant milk, but the price is higher.
Milk must be refrigerated after reconstitution. You should not retain leftover milk in a bottle after your baby has eaten it.
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