Routine Tests During Pregnancy
Why should pregnancy tests be done?
It is recommended that all pregnant women do some tests as part of routine prenatal care. These tests can help identify problems that may increase the risk of complications for both the mother and the fetus.
What tests are done in the early stages of pregnancy?
The following tests should be performed during early pregnancy:
A urine culture
Hepatitis B and hepatitis C
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
What is the blood count and what do the results indicate?
A blood count is a test that measures the number of different types of cells in the blood. The number of erythrocytes indicates whether an pregnant woman has anemia and the degree of anemia. A white blood cell count indicates how many immune cells are in the blood and a platelet count can tell whether a pregnant woman has problems with blood clotting.
Blood group test and significance?
Blood type tests show whether pregnant women have Rh factor or not. The Rh factor is a protein present on the surface of red blood cells. Most people have the Rh factor, also known as the positive Rh
If the fetus is Rh positive and the mother is Rh negative, the mother's body forms antibodies against the Rh factor. And in the next pregnancy, these antibodies can cause fetal hemolysis.
Urine test and meaning?
Urine tests are done to detect erythrocytes (if there is a urinary tract disease), white blood cells (if there is a urinary tract infection), and the urinary tract (high concentrations may be a sign of). The amount of protein is also quantified. Monitoring and comparison of protein levels in the urine should be performed early in pregnancy and beyond. High protein levels can be a sign of a serious stroke that usually occurs later in pregnancy or after birth.
Urine implantation and meaning?
A urine culture is a test to look for bacteria in the urine, which may be a sign of a urinary tract infection
What does rubella and test results say?
(often called German measles) can cause birth defects if a woman becomes infected during pregnancy.
A blood test is done to check if a woman has had a history of rubella infection or if she has been vaccinated against the disease. If you have never had rubella before or have not been vaccinated, pregnant women should avoid contact with infected people during pregnancy because of the high risk of infection. If not vaccinated, pregnant women should get the vaccine after birth, even while breastfeeding. Do not get the rubella vaccine during pregnancy.
Testing for hepatitis B, hepatitis C and meaning?
and hepatitis C virus often causes liver damage. Pregnant women infected with the hepatitis B or C virus can transmit it to their unborn babies. All pregnant women should be tested for hepatitis B infection. If at risk, pregnant women should also get tested for hepatitis C.
What STI tests are done in pregnant women?
All pregnant women should be tested for gonorrhea and chlamydia in the early stages of pregnancy. Gonorrhea and chlamydia can cause complications for both mother and fetus. If infected with 1 in 2, pregnant women will be treated during pregnancy and then tested again to evaluate treatment results. If you are at risk for gonorrhea (<25 years of age and live in an epidemic area of gonorrhea), pregnant women should have a test to find out if they have gonorrhea. Why are all pregnant women getting tested for HIV? If a woman is infected with HIV, the virus can be passed on to the fetus. HIV attacks the cells of the immune system and leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). If infected with HIV, pregnant women will be treated with medication and follow a special order to minimize the risk of transmission to the fetus. Which pregnant women should get tested for tuberculosis (TB)? Women who are at high risk for TB (for example, with HIV or who have been in contact with someone with TB) should have a TB test.
What tests are done in the later stages of pregnancy?
The following tests are done during the later stages of pregnancy:
Testing for Rh antibodies
Glucose screening test
Group B Streptococcus
When to test for Rh antibodies?
If a woman has a negative Rh result, anti-Rh antibody testing should be done at 28 to 29 weeks of pregnancy. If Rh antibody is not available, women should inject Rh immunoglobulin. This prevents the body from making antibodies for the rest of pregnancy. If the test has anti-Rh antibodies, pregnant women need special care and close monitoring
Blood sugar screening and meaning?
This screening test helps quantify blood sugar levels. High sugar levels may be a sign of gestational diabetes. This test is usually done between 24-28 weeks of pregnancy. If a woman has risk factors for diabetes or a history of gestational diabetes, screening can be done in the first 3 months.
What is group B streptococcal and because of prolapse.
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