Take Care Of Healthy Children At 18 Months Of Age
Babies 18 months can walk fast, start running and can take many steps. Children can doodle with pencils, build a tower with two or three bricks, throw objects, and can use spoons and mugs. Children can empty an object from a bottle or container.
At 18 months, children develop independence and seem to become more negative. Children may experience feelings of extreme anxiety when parted.
Children show affection, can kiss, and enjoy playing with familiar toys. In the presence of other children, children still play, but do not really play with these friends.
At 18 months, babies can follow simple instructions
Children can also listen to a story, name certain objects, and point to certain parts of their body.
At this stage, health-care workers can give children the first or second dose of hepatitis A vaccine; 4th dose of DTaP (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis); The flu vaccine should be vaccinated every year during the flu season.
Testing for children
Health care providers should screen for 18-month-old children with developmental and autism problems and screen for anemia, lead poisoning, or tuberculosis, depending on the presence of risk factor.
Nutrition and oral health
Should continue breastfeeding.
Children should drink about 2-3 glasses (450 ml to 700ml) of whole milk every day.
Children should drink all kinds of drinks with cups rather than bottles.
Limit fruit drinks containing vitamin C too much, should not exceed 120 ml - 180 ml / day, and encourage your baby to drink filtered water
Provide a balanced diet, plenty of vegetables and fruits.
Provide 3 small meals and 2-3 nutritious snacks each day. Food should be chopped to minimize the risk of choking.
Put children on a high chair at the height of the table and encourage them to socialize during meals. Do not force your child to eat everything on the plate.
Avoid giving nuts, hard candy, popcorn, and chewing gum. Allow your child to eat on his own with a cup and spoon.
Encourage your child to brush their teeth after eating and before going to bed.
If using toothpaste, choose a non-fluoride type.
Continue fluoride supplement if required by your doctor.
Read to them daily and encourage them to point to an object when you read it.
Read the nursery rhyme and sing with your child.
Name objects consistently and describe what you are doing, while bathing, eating, dressing, and playing. Use your imagination to play with dolls, blocks, or common objects.
Some of your child's words may be difficult to understand. Avoid using small child-style speech (eg whispering, high-pitched speech, with a tone that is different from that used in adults, etc.).
Introduce your child to a second language if there is family use.
Illustrative image: Read to your baby
Practice for children to go to the toilet
Because babies can keep diapers dry for longer periods, they are usually not ready to practice going to the toilet until about 24 months.
Most children still have two or two naps a day.
Children should be trained for long and short sleeps on time.
Encourage your child to sleep in a separate bed.
Advice for parents
Every day should be a separate time only you and your baby together.
Avoid situations that may make your child "angry", such as shopping trips.
It is important to understand that children are not able to understand the consequences at this age.
All adults must be consistent about setting limits. The end of an activity can be viewed as a method of discipline.
Make limited choices when possible.
Minimize TV time! Children at this age need to play active and social games. Any television program should be watched with parents and should be less than an hour a day.
Make sure your home is a safe environment for your children.
Keep the water heater temperature (if any) around 49 ° C. Provide a smoke-free and drug-free environment for your child.
Avoid loose wires such as wires, window blinds, or telephone wires.
Use a stop at the top of the stairs to help prevent children from falling. Use fences, have self-latching gates around the pool.
When driving in a private car ‚you need to allow your child to sit firmly in the safety seat in the middle of the back seat and never put the baby in the front seat next to the airbag position. Install this safety seat in a way that your baby can lie against the seat and look behind the car until they are 2 years old or when they grow the height / weight limit of the seat installed in this way.
Equip smoke detectors for your home!
Keep bottles as well as poisons and keep out of reach of children. Keep all chemicals and detergents out of the reach of children.
Be careful with the hot liquid and make sure your baby does not pull out the hot cooking utensils (handle should be inward).
Knives, heavy objects, and all cleaning and cleaning supplies must be kept out of the reach of children.
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