Take Care Of Healthy Children At 4 Months Of Age
4-month-old babies will start to flip. When lying on his stomach, he can keep his head straight, up high and lift his chest off the floor or mattress. He can also hold a toy and reach for his hand. Your baby may start teething, and will drool and chew on things for a few months before the first tooth erupts.
At around 4 months of age, babies can recognize their parents and learn to comfort themselves.
Babies can smile to communicate and sometimes laugh out loud.
4-month-old babies start babbling.
During a routine check-up for a 4-month-old child, the doctor may give a second dose of DTaP (diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis); the second dose of the meningococcal vaccine (HIB - Haemophilus influenzae type b); dose 2 of the pneumococcal vaccine; dose 2 of the inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) and dose 2 of the hepatitis B vaccine
In addition, babies may be given the second dose of the Rotavirus vaccine.
Your baby may be tested for anemia if there are risk factors.
Nutrition and dental care
4-month-old babies should continue to be breastfed or formula fed with iron for babies as the main source of nutrition.
Most 4-month-old babies suckle for 4-5 hours a day.
Children who use less than 480ml of formula milk every day need to be fortified with vitamin D. Do not give juice to children under 6 months old.
Your baby has enough water from either breastmilk or formula milk, so there's no need for extra water
When you're ready to eat, your baby should be able to sit on their own with little help, be able to control their heads well, look away when full, and be able to trick a small amount of ground food from front to back of the arch. mouth without spitting out.
If your doctor recommends having your baby try the food 6 months before the test, you can buy baby foods or grind your own meats, vegetables and fruits.
Offer cereals fortified with iron once or twice daily.
The amount of solid food for babies is about 1/2 to 1 tablespoon. When your baby first learns to eat, he or she may only eat one or two full spoons.
Introduce your baby to only one new food at a time. Use foods with only one ingredient to determine if your baby has an allergic reaction to any foods.
Brush your baby's teeth after meals and before bedtime. If using toothpaste, do not use fluoride.
Fluoride supplements can be continued if recommended by your doctor.
Read to your baby everyday. Allow your baby to touch, speak, and point to objects. Choose books with lots of interesting drawings, colors and materials.
Read rhyming poems and sing along with your baby. Avoid talking like a baby.
Put babies to sleep on their backs to reduce the risk of SIDS syndrome, also known as sudden death in the crib. Do not allow babies to lie in beds with pillows, quilts, or stuffed animals.
Give your baby a nap and a night nap at a certain time. Put your baby to sleep when he is sleepy, but still not completely asleep.
Encourage your baby to sleep in a crib or separate sleeping place.
Advice for parents
Children at this age are too young, can not be damaged. Your baby will depend on being held, cuddled, and interacted regularly to develop social communication skills and emotional attachment to parents and caregivers.
Place your baby on his stomach several times a day to prevent him from having dents behind his head due to lying on his back, and to keep an eye on him.
It also helps to develop muscle for the baby.
Give your child over-the-counter medication for pain, discomfort, or fever only as directed by a doctor.
Call your doctor if your baby shows any signs of illness or fever above 100.4 ° F (38 ° C). Check the rectal temperature if your baby is sick or hot. Do not use an ear thermometer until your baby is 6 months old.
Make sure your home is a safe environment for your baby. Between indoor water heater temperatures at 120 ° F (49 ° C).
Avoid dangling dangling cords, shutters or telephone lines. Try crawling around the house and looking for dangerous objects within your baby's sight.
Create an environment free of cigarettes or addictive substances for your baby.
Use gates at the top of the stairs to avoid falling. Use a barrier with a latch around the pool.
Do not use a walker that can help your baby access unsafe risks and may fall. Toddlers do not help babies to walk earlier and may affect the motor skills needed for walking. Can use a baby resting / vibration chair to play for a short time.
Always put your child in a safe seat, suitable for children in the middle of the back seat, facing back until they are at least one year old and weighing at least 20 lbs / 9.1 kg.
Never place a baby seat in the front seat of an airbag car.
Install smoke detectors indoors and change batteries regularly.
Keep medicines and poisons tightly closed and out of reach. Keep all chemicals and cleaning products out of baby's reach.
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