Take Care Of Premature Babies

Do premature babies need special care?
Babies born early (before their due date) may need special care in the first 2 years. Especially if the baby is very small after birth (less than 3 pounds or 1.36 kg). Here are some tips on how to take care of a newborn home from the hospital.
The growth and development of children
It is important to take your child to the doctor's office after leaving the hospital. The doctor will check the weight gain and thereby understand the situation of the child at home.
Talk to your doctor about feeding your child. Your doctor may recommend vitamin, iron and formula supplements especially if your baby is bottle-fed

Vitamins are often given to premature babies to help them grow healthy.


Take Care Of Premature Babies

Your baby may also need more iron because premature babies often don't have as much iron stored in the body as full term babies. After about 4 months of iron supplementation, your baby will have about the same amount of iron as a full-term baby. Your doctor may want your child to receive iron supplements for a year or longer.
Your baby may not develop at the same rate as a full term infant in the first 2 years. Premature babies are usually smaller during this time. Sometimes babies gain weight quickly and often premature babies can catch up with their full term babies at the right time. To store a child's growth
Doctors can use special growth charts for premature babies.


Take Care Of Premature Babies

The doctor will also want to know more about the dynamics of the child, when he or she can sit and crawl for the first time. This is what doctors want to know about all babies, not just preterm babies.
Timetable for children to eat
At first, most premature babies need 8-10 meals a day. Time between celebrations longer than 4 hours will cause the child to become dehydrated. Babies who use 6 to 8 wet diapers a day show that they are getting enough breast milk or formula. Premature babies often spray food after eating. This is normal. But you should make sure that your child is still gaining weight.


Take Care Of Premature Babies

Talk to your doctor if you think your child has stopped gaining or is losing weight.
Switch to solid foods
Most doctors recommend giving solid foods 4 to 6 months after the child's original expected birth date (not the actual birth date). Premature babies do not develop as full term infants, so it may take time for premature babies to develop the ability to swallow. If your child has health problems, your doctor may recommend a special diet.
How do children sleep?
Although sleeping more hours per day than term infants, premature babies sleep for short periods.
All infants, including premature infants, should be placed on their backs in bed, not on their stomachs. Use firm mattresses and not pillows. Sleeping in a prone position on a soft mattress can increase your child's risk of sudden death (SIDS).


Take Care Of Premature Babies

It is a phenomenon where a child under one year of age suddenly dies while sleeping without a clear reason.
Hearing and vision of children
Crossing is more common in premature babies than in term infants. The medical term for this condition is strabismus. Usually, as a child grows and develops, this phenomenon goes away. The doctor may want your child to be checked by an ophthalmologist if your child has this problem.
Some premature babies have an eye disease called premature retinopathy (ROP). In children with this condition, the tiny blood vessels in the eye develop abnormally. ROP usually occurs only in babies born very early, about 32 weeks of pregnancy or earlier.


Take Care Of Premature Babies

If your child is at risk for ROP, the doctor will advise you to get regular checkups by an ophthalmologist, (the time of ROP examination is usually at 4-6 weeks of age). ROP can be healed to help prevent vision loss.
Premature babies are also at greater risk of hearing than term infants. If you notice your child doesn't seem to be listening and noticing you. Talk to the doctor so your baby can have hearing problems checked. You can test your baby's hearing by making noise behind or beside him. If your child does not turn around, or is not startled by loud noises. You should tell the doctor.


Take Care Of Premature Babies


Immunization for children
Immunization (also called a vaccine) for premature babies at the same age as full term babies. Children may need the flu shot when they are 6 months old. Premature babies may get more severe flu than term infants. Talk to your doctor about getting a flu shot for your entire family. This can help protect your child from getting the flu from someone in the family.
When traveling with children in cars
When traveling with a child in a car, use an infant car seat (or other infant seats, as recommended by your doctor). Make sure the baby's head and body do not slip when sitting in a car seat. You can use a towel or blanket to support the child on the seat.


Take Care Of Premature Babies


Child seats should be installed in the back seat. When you are driving, always look after your child by looking in the rearview mirror. You can also ask a friend or family member to sit in the back seat with your child. If you are using a baby's apnea control device, use it even if your child is multiple.

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