The Risk Of Birth Defects Due To Toxoplasma Gondii Infection

What is toxoplasma gondii?
A protozoa. Parasitic primarily in cats, it can reproduce and grow in mammals and birds.
How is toxoplasma gondii spread through people?
Cats are infected with T. gondii mainly from live animals when cats eat like mice, birds, etc. When infected with T..gondii, cats often have no symptoms, then cats shed the cocoons in their faeces 1 to 2 weeks later infection (may be up to 1 million cocoons per day). Humans, birds, mice,

.


The Risk Of Birth Defects Due To Toxoplasma Gondii Infection

. eat these cocoons, spread them in cocoons will develop and cause infection. Humans infected with T.gondii are often asymptomatic.
Who is most susceptible to Toxoplasma gondii?
People often eat raw and raw meat; contact with soil, water containing fussy cat pods of T..gondii, contact with intermediate hosts
If you are at risk for T.


The Risk Of Birth Defects Due To Toxoplasma Gondii Infection

gondii infection, you should have your blood tested for T.gondii antigen before becoming pregnant.
How will infection during pregnancy affect?
Only pregnant women who are infected with T.gondii for the first time can spread it to their unborn babies. Except for pregnant women with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome who can re-infect T.gondii and can transmit it to the fetus. When the fetus is infected can cause malformations: retinitis, brain calcification, microcephaly, severe fetal growth retardation, (fetal death in the abdomen). However, not every pregnant woman infected with T.


The Risk Of Birth Defects Due To Toxoplasma Gondii Infection

gondii infection will have a birth defect, the incidence of anomalies 20-50% if not treated.
How to prevent Toxoplasma gondii infection?
You are raising a cat and about to become pregnant, do you have to give away your beloved cat? No need, just do the following:
Wear gloves when in contact with substances that can be contaminated with Toxoplasma: sand, garden soil, litter box for cats (cat owners in the city often use sand containers), ... Wash hands and nails thoroughly after contact
If you have a cat: keep your cat indoors, offer canned or cooked food. Do not give your cat raw foods
Replace the sand in the litter box every 24 hours (remember to wear gloves). Boil the sand tray for 5 minutes
Eat only cooked meats, refrigerate meat at <20 degrees Celsius Do not eat raw eggs, drink raw milk (unpasteurized) Wash fruits and vegetables well before using How do I know if I am infected or if my fetus is infected with T.gondii? If you are in high-risk group T.

The Risk Of Birth Defects Due To Toxoplasma Gondii Infection

gondii, or have signs suggestive on ultrasound, you will have a blood test to identify. The blood test may need to be done a second time after the first 2-3 weeks. To make sure the fetus is infected, amniotic fluid need to be pricked. Amniocentesis is best after 4 weeks from the time of suspected infection in the mother..

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