Things To Know Before Pregnancy

What is a prenatal check up for?
Prenatal checkups aim to look for factors that could affect your pregnancy. Determining these factors before pregnancy helps you take steps to increase your chances of having a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby. During the visit, the doctor will ask you about your diet, lifestyle, medical history and family history, the medication you are taking and about previous pregnancies.
Who should have a health check before pregnancy?
If you are planning to become pregnant, you should get a checkup first. The first 8 weeks of pregnancy are an important time for the development of the baby in your tummy. This is the time when most of the child's vital organs and body systems begin to form. Your health and nutrition can affect the growth and development of your baby during these first weeks of pregnancy.
Why is a healthy diet important?
Your body needs a steady supply of nutrients to grow, to replace dead cells and provide energy

The amount of nutrients you need daily is called the reference amount.


Things To Know Before Pregnancy

The recommended daily intake of nutrients according to the reference diet can be provided from food and supplements. However, most nutrients should be provided from the food you eat.
How to ensure a healthy diet?
To ensure that your diet provides enough nutrients, you need to know what is in the food you eat. A U.S. Department of Agriculture diet guide, called MyPlate, can help you make healthy food choices. MyPlate provides a diet based on your age, gender and daily activity level

How does overweight affect pregnancy?
Being overweight during pregnancy can cause serious complications in pregnancy and childbirth, including hypertension,,,.


Things To Know Before Pregnancy

Obesity in pregnancy is associated with an overweight fetus (macrosomia), as well as an increased risk of birth injury and the risk of a caesarean section. The risk of birth defects is also high, especially neural tube defects. Too much body fat can also make it difficult for the doctor to monitor the fetus with ultrasound, or to hear the fetal heart.
How to lose weight if I am overweight?
To lose weight, you need to consume more calories than you consume. The best way to lose weight is to change your diet and increase your physical activity. Reducing the amount of calories you consume to the amount you consume is an effective first step. Exercise burns energy and helps with weight loss. In some special cases, prescription medication or weight loss surgery may be considered.


Things To Know Before Pregnancy


How does weight loss affect pregnancy?
Being underweight also poses many risks to the pregnancy. It increases the risk of babies being born underweight. These babies are also at risk for problems that occur during maternal labor and may also have health and behavioral problems that can last into adulthood. Being underweight during pregnancy also increases the risk of preterm birth.
Should we take vitamin supplements?
Although most of the nutrients come from the food you eat, you should start taking prenatal vitamins supplements before becoming pregnant. Prenatal vitamins contain all the daily essential vitamins and minerals recommended for before and during pregnancy.
Why is it important to get enough folic acid before becoming pregnant?
Folic acid helps prevent neural tube defects if given before pregnancy and lasts through the first 3 months of pregnancy. All women (even if they are not planning to get pregnant) are advised to consume 0.


Things To Know Before Pregnancy

4 milligrams (400 micrograms) of folic acid daily.
Why do you need to provide enough iron?
Iron plays an important role during pregnancy. It is used to make extra blood needed to supply oxygen to the fetus.
The illustration for maternity health
Will my lifestyle affect pregnancy health?
Smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol and using drugs during pregnancy can cause adverse health effects for a baby. The time when the fetus is most likely to be affected by these agents is during the first trimester of pregnancy (the first 3 months of pregnancy). Stopping these harmful behaviors can reduce or even eliminate the risk of some birth defects occurring early in pregnancy.
How does the surrounding environment affect pregnancy?
Certain substances found at home or at work can make it difficult for a woman to conceive or harm an unborn baby. If you are planning to become pregnant, carefully review your workplace and home.


Things To Know Before Pregnancy

Think about the chemicals you use in your home or garden. Seek information from your employer to see if you are exposed to workplace toxins such as lead or mercury, chemicals such as pesticides or solvents, or radiation.
Will my medical condition affect my pregnancy?.

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