Umbilical Cord Blood Bank
What is umbilical cord blood?
Umbilical cord blood, also known as umbilical cord blood, is taken from the umbilical cord or placenta of the baby immediately after birth. Cord blood contains many hematopoietic stem cells that can be used to treat a number of diseases.
Figure: The umbilical cord or placenta of the child
What are stem cells?
Most body cells can only make copies of themselves. For example, one skin cell may create another. In contrast, stem cells have the ability to differentiate into different types of body cells. Hematopoietic stem cells are abundant in umbilical cord blood, capable of creating new types of blood cells to replace old blood cells in the body.
How are umbilical cord blood stem cells used?
Hematopoietic stem cells in umbilical cord blood can be used to treat a number of conditions including blood, immune or metabolic disorders. It is also used to offset the effects of cancer treatment on the immune system
In addition to the umbilical cord, stem cells are also found in other parts of the body such as in the blood and bone marrow of adults and children.
Using umbilical cord blood in treating the disease has a number of advantages over bone marrow use. For example, it is easier to get umbilical cord blood. also poses some risk and pain to the donor.
Limitations of the use of stem cells
Stem cells are not "miraculous treatments". Only some diseases can be treated with stem cells, due to the following limitations:
If a baby is born with a genetic mutation or a chromosome mutation, the umbilical cord stem cells cannot be used to treat the disease, because these stem cells also carry genetic abnormalities. That pathology.
If a child has leukemia, his or her stem cells cannot be used to treat blood cancer for that child
But the donor and receiver need to work closely to ensure the donor's stem cells will work in the recipient's body.
How is umbilical cord blood stored?
Umbilical cord blood is stored in one of two types of reserve bank: community and individual. These two types of umbilical cord blood bank have important differences that you need to consider before making a choice.
How does the community cord blood bank work?
Community umbilical cord blood banks operate like blood banks. The umbilical cord blood after collection will be stored here and then used for anyone who needs it. The donor's umbilical cord blood stem cells can be used by any compatible person.
The umbilical cord blood is recorded and stored in data so that it can be found quickly when needed. The community cord blood bank does not charge a fee to get umbilical cord blood from the donor.
People who donate to community banks must be. Screening requires detailed information about the parents' medical history and family history. The goal is to rule out blood, immunity or other problems. The donor is also asked about their lifestyle. Many people want to donate but do not meet these screening standards.
How does an individual umbilical cord blood bank work?
The umbilical cord blood bank individually stores umbilical cord blood for oriented donation. Umbilical cord blood is stored for later treatment by your child or relative. The bank usually charges an annual reserve storage fee, and it will also cost a fee to get umbilical cord blood taken.
How is umbilical cord blood taken?
Umbilical cord blood will be taken by your health care provider or the hospital staff where you will deliver. Not all hospitals have this service. Some hospitals will charge you a separate fee that is not covered by insurance. The procedure to get umbilical cord blood is simple and painless. After the baby is born, an umbilical cord clamp will be performed. Then, use a needle attached to the large blood bag to draw blood from the umbilical cord. After the blood bag has been sealed, the placenta will be removed. This process takes about 10 minutes.
What are the situations where cord blood cannot be taken?
Sometimes the cord blood may not get enough due to a premature baby, or a twin, multiple pregnancy sharing the same placenta. Less umbilical cord blood may also occur without cause. If an emergency occurs during delivery, it may not be possible to get umbilical cord blood taken.
Some problems that occur to the mother may not allow the umbilical cord blood to be taken, due to the risk of infection of the umbilical cord blood. These issues include:
Herpes blisters or genital lesions;
Placental infection or amniotic infection.
What should be considered when deciding whether to store umbilical cord blood?
There are several points to think about before making a decision to store umbilical cord blood, including:
Many diseases cannot be treated with stem cells of yourself or others.
The probability of using stem cells to treat your child or relative is very low, about 1/2700. However, research is being carried out on new applications of stem cells as well as other studies.
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