What Do You Need To Prepare Before Becoming Pregnant?
What do you need to see before pregnancy?
Maternal health care during pregnancy is of course but not enough. To have the perfect baby, mothers need the healthiest body to prepare for pregnancy. As a result, more and more women are seeking counseling and prenatal check-ups. So, what does prenatal examination and counseling include, what do expectant mothers need to prepare before becoming pregnant?
How long will it take to get pregnant again?
According to a study by Conde-Agudelo, 2006, women who are pregnant less than 6 months after giving birth before this pregnancy will increase their risk and give birth to low birth weight babies.
For a mother who had a caesarean birth earlier, this time she is pregnant too early (<18 months, from the time of the surgery before this time of maturity) will increase the risk of fracture in the uterus. Therefore, after the last caesarean section about 10 months, you to get pregnant again, when this pregnancy is mature enough, the time from the previous surgery is> 18 months (you can read more "").
According to a 2010 Tsui study, the ideal time to get pregnant again is 18-24 months
Weight at the start of pregnancy
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), women who have been pregnant before pregnancy <18.5 kg / m2 (weight (kg) divided by the square of height (m)) will increase the risk of preterm birth and babies light weight
Therefore, women with BMI <18.5 need to find ways to gain weight and women with BMI> 25 need to lose weight before getting pregnant.
However, changing your weight is not an easy problem. If you are overweight or underweight, you must gain weight during pregnancy?
BMI <18.5, pregnancy needs to increase 12.5-18 kg; BMI 18.5-24
BMI 25-29.9, need to increase 7-11.5 kg;
BMI> 30, pregnancy needs to increase 5-9 kg.
Stop drinking alcohol and breathing in cigarette smoke and coffee
Smoking cigarettes or breathing in secondhand smoke is associated with poor pregnancy outcomes including premature birth, low birth weight babies. You need to quit smoking and avoid places where cigarette smoke is present before and during pregnancy.
Related to fetal growth retardation, neurological defect. For mothers who drink a lot during pregnancy, the baby will have fetal alcohol syndrome. This syndrome includes: facial changes such as small eyes, drooping eyelids, short, low nose, flattened neck, small chin, .
.., nerve damage such as mental retardation, hyperactivity, systemic damage language development, memory, seizures, ..., low weight, small skull, hearing disorders. Any glass of wine you drink can adversely affect your baby.
so what? Studies on mothers who drank coffee during pregnancy showed uncertain results.
However, in animal studies, caffeine can cause short limbs, cleft palate, and neural tube defects. Therefore, although there is no evidence in humans yet, it is recommended that women of 70 kg should not drink more than 1.5-2 cups of coffee a day.
The role of folic acid and vitamins
. Because the neural tube closes early on 18 to 26 days after fertilization, folic acid should be used 1 to 3 months before fertilization. For women without a history of having a baby with neural tube defects, 0.4 mg of folic acid is required daily. For women with a history of having a baby with neural tube defects, it is necessary to supplement 4-5mg of folic acid / day.
Supplementing with multivitamins (multivitamins) helps reduce the baby's risk of cardiovascular diseases, short limbs, cleft palate and urinary system abnormalities.
Some vitamins if used in excess may be harmful, such as vitamin A can cause birth defects when used> 10,000 UI / day.
Screening for maternal pathologies, previous history of pregnancy may affect the health of mother and baby during pregnancy
: related to premature birth, low birth weight babies;
, are taking medication;
Systemic diseases such as lupus;
Blood pathologies: anemia such as, coagulopathy;
If you have a cat or are in contact with a cat, your doctor will check you for toxoplasma gondii, and advise you on how to avoid getting it from a cat. You can read more articles "";
If you are in constant contact with your baby, you should be screened for Cytomegalovirus infection
Check to see if you are infected, if you are infected, your doctor will give you medicine during pregnancy to limit the spread of the virus to your baby;
You also need to check for: gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia;
Exploiting pathological information in the previous pregnancy to be able to predict and preventive treatment for this pregnancy.
Once the above conditions are met, the doctor will advise you about the risks to the mother and child during pregnancy and correct the disorders caused by them to minimize the impact on the health of the mother and children.
Most women are immune to, due to the childhood vaccination process, most are now concerned about the two pathologies and.
Rubella vaccination is required if you do not have immunity. 1 month after getting vaccinated When you visit your doctor, your doctor will check your immune status for this disease by having a blood test.
If you do not have immunity, I usually recommend that you get rubella when you have your period (to make sure the shot is not pregnant) and then prevent pregnancy safely during that month, until you have your period, you can skip birth to have vote.
Get vaccinated against hepatitis. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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