Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder In Children
The disease appears initially in children under 6 years of age and tends to develop for a long time. This disorder affects a child's life, learning and social relationships with those around him.
Hyperactivity is noticeable among the 2% to 10% of primary school age children, boys from 4 to 10 times more likely than girls.
The cause of SA is caused by many factors that combine with each other such as:
Because the baby's brain is damaged before and after birth (because the mother is exposed to toxic chemicals, drinking alcohol, smoking, abnormal brain structure, lead poisoning, obstetrical trauma, asphyxia, asphyxia, premature birth, jaundice, postnatal brain toxicity infection ...)
There are family genetic factors, combined with adverse environmental factors such as families living in crowded places, improper ways of educating children .
the impact on a child with unfavorable biological factors will cause. Revealing signs of confusion.
The wrong way of educating children will reveal signs of disorder in children
According to the 10th international classification, there are 3 types: the impulsive hyperactivity predominates, the dominant attention reduction and the conjugated (children have both increased activity and reduced attention span).
Manifestations of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children
9 signs of reduced focus attention common
Do not focus on the mission
Careful meticulous in study and work
Do not pay attention to listen to others speak
Do not follow the instructions
Do not know the organization of the work
Dislikes participating in work that requires intellectual effort
Forgetting and losing school supplies
Easily distracted by external stimuli
Wander in daily activities.
Not paying attention to what other people say is a noticeable manifestation of the affected child
6 signs of increased activity
Always move your limbs, it is very easy to leave the chair when you have to sit in a seat
Always run and jump in places where it is not allowed
Difficult to participate in static operations
Always limbs are always hand as if attached to the engine
Talking too much.
3 signs of impulsive impulses
Often answer before the question is finished
Difficult to wait sequential order
Or interrupting other people's conversations.
Infected children often do not like to engage in work that requires intellectual effort
In order to identify children with hyperactivity, attention deficit should be checked by pediatric and psychological specialists
Professionals need to observe children's behavior in a number of different situations such as when they play, the way they operate, communicate ....
The diagnosis is based on the criteria of the 10th international classification: the child must have 6 signs of attention deficit and 6 signs of impulsive hyperactivity, onset before age 7, the least disturbing time 6 months and signs must occur in or on two different situations (at home, at school ...).
There are a number of other disorders that are often associated with SA, such as stubborn opposition, emotional disorders, difficulty in reading, writing, speech disabilities, and electronic gaming addiction ...
Treatment for children requires close coordination between professionals and their families and schools. Psychological therapy should be applied in combination with appropriate education.
Cognitive behavioral therapy
Explain to children what they need to do, state the good behaviors that they expect of them, break down the task into steps and guide them in how to do and reward them as they progress to reinforce good behaviors.
Training in lifestyle and social skills
Family counselors spend time caring and reminding children and agree on how to teach them. Exercise exercises to help children plan appropriate movements, master motor and muscle tone, some attention-focused exercises .
Playing appropriate therapy helps children relieve stress, exercise perseverance, learn how to organize and behave with friends while playing. Do not play stimulating games out of control of children. Walking, relaxing exercises good for children reduces the level of increased activity.
Combination therapy with psychotherapy for children with hyperactivity: risperidone low dose, amitriptilin, low dose clonidine, vitamins and some trace elements.
Results showed that children with hyperactivity, reduced attention and good treatment, were treated better than those with poor intelligence.
If children are not well cared for and intervened early, it becomes very difficult for adolescents to become difficult due to learning failures, disturbances with friends and neighbors, and low self-esteem believe, inferiority or infection of bad habits, addiction, racing, anti-social behavior.
Children do not receive proper attention and early intervention will be very difficult because they fail to learn
Over 30% of children still have symptoms of hyperactivity, reduced attention in adulthood, many career difficulties, decreased labor and learning efficiency, easy conflict with people, and are at risk due to accidents, affecting family happiness. Therefore, the detection, treatment and early intervention of this disorder is essential.. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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