Basic Knowledge Of Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A is an acute infection. The virus usually stays in the body for a short time and most people recover completely after a few weeks.
What is hepatitis A disease?
Hepatitis A, also known as liver A, is an infectious liver infection caused by the hepatitis A virus.
The hepatitis A virus is usually not dangerous. Cases of mild hepatitis A do not need treatment. Most infected people recover completely without permanent liver damage.
How is hepatitis A different from hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV)?
Hepatitis A and hepatitis B and C vary greatly:
Path of transmission
Hepatitis B, C are blood-borne pathogens; Its main mode of transmission is through direct blood contact with an infected person;
In contrast, hepatitis A can be spread in addition to blood-borne infections through food and drink by consuming contaminated food or water.
Viruses are one of the main causes of hepatitis
Hepatitis A is an acute infection
Hepatitis B is rarely symptomatic, and people infected with hepatitis A often develop symptoms after four weeks of exposure. However, children under 6 years of age usually do not have any symptoms.
Hepatitis C has an incubation period of 14 to 80 days, and symptoms become noticeable in an average of about 45 days.
The symptoms of hepatitis A, B, and C are the same.
Once infected, hepatitis A does not get reinfected.
Hepatitis A rarely causes lasting liver damage, only a small percentage can cause fulminant hepatitis.
Hepatitis B begins as an acute infection but it can progress to a chronic infection
Chronic hepatitis B is the leading cause of liver cancer in the world and can lead to serious liver diseases such as cirrhosis and liver failure.
Most adults infected with hepatitis B have an acute infection and will recover completely in about 6 months. However, about 90% of newborns will be infected and up to 50% of young children will have a chronic infection.
Hepatitis C can also be an acute infection. When it lasts more than six months, it becomes chronic that can cause serious complications like cirrhosis, increasing the chance of developing liver cancer or liver failure.
The diagnostic methods: are the same.
People with Hepatitis B and C should be carefully monitored even in the acute phase but do not always need treatment. About over 60% of people with hepatitis B and C develop a chronic, dangerous form and require regular monitoring and treatment as needed;
And hepatitis A usually doesn't need treatment. The main treatment is symptomatic treatment while checking liver function on a regular basis.
Very few people have long term side effects from it, and it is almost never fatal.
All three types of hepatitis A, B and C have vaccines to protect.
Symptoms of hepatitis A
Most children and some adults have no symptoms when infected with hepatitis A. The most common symptoms are:
Jaundice and eye white;
Abdominal pain or discomfort in the upper right abdomen below the ribs (location of the liver);
The urine is dark yellow;
Anorexia, not eating well;
Itching from mild to severe;
Clay colored stools;
Fever accompanied by diarrhea;
These problems tend to disappear after about 2 months but may continue to return for up to 6 months.
Jaundice and jaundice are typical symptoms of hepatitis
Causes of hepatitis A
Hepatitis A is caused by a virus that infects liver cells and causes inflammation. Inflammation can affect liver function and cause hepatitis symptoms.
This virus is most commonly spread through eating or drinking contaminated food.
Here are some routes of transmission for hepatitis A:
Eating food handled by an infected person who does not wash his or her hands thoroughly after using the toilet;
Drinking contaminated water;
Eat raw food from contaminated water;
Close contact with an infected person - even if the person has no signs or symptoms;
Having sex with someone who has the virus;
It is not spread by sneezing or coughing.
Who is at risk for hepatitis A?
You are at risk for hepatitis A in the following cases:
Traveling or working in areas where people with hepatitis A are common;
Occupation in contact with body fluids, blood;
Having sex (homosexual or heterosexual) with multiple partners or not knowing if the partner is ill;
People who inject or are infected with HIV;
There is a coagulation factor disorder, such as haemophilia.
Poor hygiene, living in areas with poor sanitation or lack of clean water, clean food;
Living in an infected family ...
Incubation period of hepatitis A
Hepatitis A has an incubation period of 15 to 50 days.
Symptoms begin around the 28th day.
How to diagnose hepatitis A?
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