Can Hepatitis B Be Cured?
Hepatitis B is one of the most dangerous viral hepatitis. The disease can be divided into several stages with different symptoms and the patient can be cured if treated properly and early.
Specific symptoms of hepatitis B
Signs of hepatitis B usually appear about one to four months after being infected but usually after about two weeks. However, some people, including young children, may not have any symptoms.
Symptoms of acute hepatitis B
Symptoms of acute hepatitis B may include:
Abdominal pain, especially around the liver
Dark urine and or pale stools
Joint and muscle aches
Jaundice, iris and under fingernails
Symptoms of chronic hepatitis B
If acute hepatitis B infection does not go away after six months, it becomes chronic. Many people with chronic hepatitis B experience no symptoms unless the liver is severely damaged.
Some people with chronic hepatitis B experience few symptoms while others experience frequent symptoms. Symptoms of chronic hepatitis B may include those common to acute hepatitis B but tend to be mild to moderate in intensity and often repeat many times
If hepatitis B progresses to serious liver damage, such as liver cancer or cirrhosis, the symptoms may become more prominent:
Jaundice (yellow skin and white eyes);
Swelling of the legs and arms
Anorexia and nausea, tired people are a common manifestation of chronic hepatitis B virus infection
Hepatitis B diagnostic test
The HbsAg test is also called the hepatitis B surface antigen test.
A "positive" or "reactive" HBsAg test result means that a person is infected with hepatitis B and can spread the hepatitis B virus to others through the blood.
Testing for Anti-HBs or HBsAb
Anti-HBs or HBsAb test or hepatitis B surface antibody test
A "positive" or "reactive" anti-HBs test result shows that a person is protected against the hepatitis B virus. This protection may be the result of a previous hepatitis B vaccine or recovery. successful recovery after past hepatitis B infection.
In other words, a person who has a positive result of HBs is immune to the hepatitis B virus and cannot become infected or spread the hepatitis B virus to others.
Anti-HBc or HbcAb test
Anti-HBc or HbcAb test or hepatitis B core antibody test
A "positive" or "reactive" anti-HBc (or HBcAb) test result shows that the patient has had hepatitis B in the past or is currently infected with hepatitis B. The core antibody does not provide any protection
This test can only be fully understood by knowing the results of the first two tests (HBsAg and anti-HBs).
If the anti-HBc (or HBcAb) test result is positive, the patient should see a doctor for advice.
Blood samples for hepatitis B surface antigen (or antibody) are tested
Treatment for patients with hepatitis B
In case of emergency
If you have been exposed to the hepatitis B virus and are not sure if you have been vaccinated, you should call your doctor immediately for an immunoglobulin (antibody) injection within 12 hours of exposure. can help protect you against hepatitis B.
Because this method only provides short-term protection, you should also get the hepatitis B vaccine if it hasn't been
Treatment of acute hepatitis B
Your hepatitis B is acute for only a short time and will go away on its own, possibly without treatment.
Typically, patients should rest, be reasonably nutritious and stay hydrated while the body fights infection.
In severe cases, patients admitted to the hospital for antiviral medication or hospitalization are necessary to prevent complications.
Treatment of chronic hepatitis B
Most people who are diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B need treatment for the rest of their lives.
Treatment helps reduce the risk of liver disease and prevents patients from spreading the disease to others. Treatment for chronic hepatitis B may include:
Antiviral drugs: Some antiviral drugs such as entecavir (Baraclude), tenofovir (Viread), lamivudine (Epivir), adefovir (Hepsera) and telbivudine (Tyzeka) can help fight viruses and slow down the ability to liver damage;
Interferon injection: Interferon alfa-2b (Intron A) is an artificial antibody similar to the antibody the body produces to fight infection. It is mainly used for young people with hepatitis B who want to avoid long-term treatment or women who want to get pregnant within a few years after completing short-term treatment. Interferon should not be used during pregnancy. Side effects may include nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath and depression;
Liver transplantation: If the liver has been severely damaged, a liver transplant may be an option;
During a liver transplant, the damaged liver is replaced n. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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