Colonoscopy Prenatal When Appropriate?
Currently, colonoscopy is a widely used method in hospitals to diagnose or screen early diseases such as colorectal cancer, rectum, hemorrhoids, colon polyps, etc. Whether or not the screening is accurate depends very much on the expertise of the physician, the physician, the machinery, the equipment and also a very important part of the cooperation of the patient. The following article will provide useful and general information about colonoscopy for readers to refer.
What is colonoscopy?
A colonoscopy is a diagnostic procedure that involves inserting a soft endoscope, camera-mounted head and light source into the anus, passing through the entire colon to the cecum (the area between the intestines) small and large intestine) to check the specific condition within the patient's colon.
Colonoscopy helps to quickly and accurately detect colon abnormalities
When to colonoscopy?
Patients with the following symptoms or medical history
Not all cases of gastrointestinal examination are also indicated colonoscopy techniques. This method is usually indicated if the patient has the following signs:
Dull or aching pain in each abdominal area (especially in the area of the belly below the belly button).
Persistent diarrhea or constipation. When you have a bowel movement with blood or mucus, the stool is black
People with a history of colon-related pathology or having a family member with colon cancer.
Healthy people who have no specific signs of disease, who are 30 years of age or older should have a colonoscopy to check for early cancer.
Colonoscopy for treatment based on doctor's prescription
In addition to screening for diseases such as colon cancer, haemorrhoids, parasitic infections, foreign bodies, etc. Colonic endoscopy is also a method used to remove colon polyps, to stop bleeding of some lesions such as bleeding. from the stem of the polyp after cutting the polyps, expanding the lesions of the colon, catheterization or stenting (due to malignancy, radiation, chronic inflammation, etc.)
How often to colonoscopy?
According to experts and doctors, how often one colonoscopy should be taken depends on the situation. For example, people aged 30 and older should have a colonoscopy every three to five years to screen for early cancer. While people who have ever had colon polyps, have a family history of colon and rectal cancer should have a colonoscopy once a year
Therefore, you should visit a reputable hospital, meet a specialist directly to get specific, accurate advice for yourself before performing the best laparoscopy.
Should colonoscopy periodically, do not wait for pain to see a doctor
The case should not colonoscopy?
Some cases of colonoscopy are not allowed:
People with cardiopulmonary disease or abnormal pulmonary function.
People who have recently had intestinal surgery or recently used radiation to the abdominal and pelvic areas recently. After surgery or radiation therapy, the intestinal tract is still more or less weak, the surgical site is still not healed. If colonoscopy is done, it is likely to cause damage to the intestine and abdominal area.
People who are peritonitis, suspected intestinal perforation, intestinal obstruction ..
Pregnant women, especially during the first months of pregnancy
People with intestinal poisoning (intestinal dysentery), ulcerative colitis. Patients should definitely treat toxic status before colonoscopy.
Current colonoscopy methods?
Currently, there are 2 commonly used colonoscopy methods: normal and anesthetic endoscopy.
Endoscopy usually (anesthesia without anesthesia)
This is a traditional endoscopy technique implemented in most hospitals. With this method, the patient is fully awake during the procedure.
Lower cost anesthesia endoscopy
Safe because there are no situations of drug allergy, anaphylaxis
The patient was fully awake after the colonoscopy
Patients will have discomfort during laparoscopy, when the endoscope is inserted into the anus.
During endoscopy, when injecting into the colon through the scope, the patient feels uncomfortable and wants to have a bowel movement (although there is no stool inside).
In many cases, especially children, because the discomfort has moved and startled causing difficulties for the doctor, it can also rubbing and hurt the colon.
Endoscopic painless (endoscopic anesthesia)
This method the patient is injected with anesthetic into the vein so he will not feel any uncomfortable symptoms. Before the procedure, the doctor will evaluate the endoscopy time to calculate the appropriate anesthetic dose so that the patient can wake up right after the procedure.
The patient sleeps during endoscopy so he does not feel uncomfortable and wants to defecate.
Anesthetized patients are not stimulated to make it easier to perform laparoscopy. If you need to apply other procedures such as colonoscopic polyp cut, cancer diagnosis by staining, hemostatic injection in gastrointestinal bleeding ...
will bring accurate results.
The cost of anesthesia is higher than for anesthesia.
Although very rare n. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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