Common Diseases In Newborns
The infant's immune system is not yet complete. Parents should find out more about the common newborn diseases below to gain more knowledge about caring for your baby and always be healthy.
Asphyxiation - a pathological condition of a child due to lack of oxygen in the blood. Causes of suffocation:
Lack of oxygen
Immune incompatibility between maternal and fetal blood
Infection in the uterus
Partial or total obstruction of the fetal airway
In fact, asphyxiation in a newborn manifests itself immediately after the baby asks to catch breath or breathe irregularly. In this condition, the child must immediately get medical help
Inflammation of the eye
Neonatal eye inflammation, similar to conjunctivitis, is a common disease when a newborn is born for a few days, with symptoms of swollen, red, watery eyes with eyelids, and difficulty opening eyes even. cannot open eyes.
The main cause of conjunctivitis in newborns is the infection of the mother's genital tract by the newborn at birth (most commonly due to gonorrhea, chlamydia
.), infection from the womb (usually seen in cases of early amniotic rupture) or the child is not well cared for in the first days after birth ...
Because of the acute nature of the disease, babies should be monitored, eye care and good hygiene immediately after birth. If signs of conjunctivitis are seen, the child should be treated at a specialized health facility to avoid affecting the child's vision, which can lead to blindness.
Hemolytic disease - a disease caused by incompatibility between maternal and fetal blood
The disease occurs when maternal blood antibodies destroy the fetal blood cells.
Hemolytic disease in the newborn for this reason usually develops after the second pregnancy of the mother. There are many different, milder forms of the disease that can be treated with medication, but in severe cases, a child needs a blood transfusion for a lifetime.
Congenital scoliosis due to retractable sternocardium is a common disease in infants. The main cause of this condition may be due to the bad position of the fetus in the womb; lack of exercise in the mother during pregnancy results in restricted navel breast muscle growth; or during traumatic mastoid injury, blood vessels in the muscle hemorrhage, from fibrous clots, stimulate this muscle group to contract.
During the first 2 weeks after birth, the parents can detect the disease if the baby's head is tilted down one shoulder while the chin is facing the other. More clearly, parents can feel the mastoid muscle, which has a solid muscle tumor, different from the lymph node reaction in inflammatory conditions. Medicine has not found the cause of this disease, but according to studies, babies born with reverse illness often have the disease.
If detected and treated early enough to cure the disease, the later it will be, the easier it will cause many complications and difficulties for treatment, even seriously affecting aesthetics and health.
Umbilical hernia is a common defect in young children. It occurs when the abdominal organs come out, forming a bulge in the navel area. The hernia may contain fluid, a part of an organ such as the intestines, or other organs from the abdomen. Umbilical hernia most often occurs in preterm or low birth weight babies. This malformation is more common in girls.
Babies are born with an umbilical cord attached to the abdomen. This cord takes nutrients to feed the baby throughout the womb and it is cut after the baby is born.
Within 1-2 weeks after birth, the umbilical cord gradually shrinks and falls away, the wound heals and forms the baby's umbilical cord.
The hole in the abdominal wall where the umbilical cord goes through will close itself as the baby grows. Umbilical hernia occurs when the abdominal muscles are not closed properly.
In mild cases (the hernia is less than 2cm in diameter, does not cause pain in crying, movement), the hernia may heal in the first few years. In the case of a large hernia, the organs in the abdominal cavity can become large and dangerous (blockage of the intestine, leading to necrosis, if delayed release may require bowel resection, even death). then solve as soon as possible by surgery to close the gap, both resolving thoroughly and prevent bowel obstruction. If the navel is abnormally enlarged, there is a change in color, the child is in pain, cries, vomits a lot ..
. should seek medical attention.
Neonatal sepsis is a disease that causes damage to many organs with bacteremia, occurring in the first month after birth. The causative agents of primary sepsis are: Streptococcus group B, E.coli, Listeria The bacteria causing hospital infections vary by child care unit, usually: Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella ...
This is a serious, life-threatening illness and is often accompanied by purulent meningitis.
The disease can occur before, during and after birth.
Newborns are susceptible to infection because if they do not perform clean delivery during delivery (clean hands, clean tools, clean place, etc.), germs pass through the skin, umbilical cord and into blood, spread throughout the muscles So, in. . Dịch vụ: Thiết kế website, quảng cáo google, đăng ký website bộ công thương uy tín
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