Consequences From Tongue Pushing Habit
Congenital tongue-pushing habit, atypical tongue-pushing, is a common bad habit in children but can have serious dental, occlusal, and vocal consequences.
However, if detected early and eliminated these bad habits in time, it is possible to avoid the consequences of undesirable teeth - jaw deviations.
The cause of tongue thrust?
In general, we can distinguish into two groups of causes: primary tongue push and secondary tongue push. Primary tongue thrust is caused by neuromuscular disorders: the baby does not change the habit of swallowing at birth.
When the patient is touched by the tip of the tongue to the roof of the mouth, he cannot or is very difficult to do.
The second group of causes is secondary tongue thrust associated with molars and oral, ear, nose and throat pathological disorders: consequences of finger sucking, pacifier sucking, bottle-feeding; allergies, inflammation block the nasal passages, cause mouth breathing so the tongue is placed low in the mouth; VA, tonsillitis, sore throat cause difficulty swallowing; unusually large tongue; genetic factors, for example the lower jaw is too steep; Short blade brake (sticky blade). In clinical practice, many cases are difficult to distinguish between primary and secondary tongue thrusting.
What are the consequences of pushing the tongue?
Pushing the tongue often causes open joints, lifting both jaws if pushing the front tongue greatly affects the aesthetics and function of the teeth
There are many different forms of tongue pushing that cause tooth-jaw deviations that require orthodontic treatment, such as:
Biting forward: most common and typical. In the resting position (watching TV, reading ...) lips not closed, mouth open, tongue pushed forward
Openings (due to the tongue placed between the upper and lower incisors, prevent the normal growth of these teeth). It is often difficult to pronounce / s / and / z / sounds. Can see breathing mouth, sucking fingers combined
Pushing the front tongue: The front incisors protrude excessively, the lower incisors recline (due to the chin muscles).
Push the tongue on one side: Joint bite open on one side.
Tongue pushing: The front bite is closed while the posterior teeth from the first premolars to the last molars bite open on both sides. This type of tongue pushing is hard to overcome and their consequences are the most difficult to treat.
Squeeze tongue close: The front teeth above and below lean forward and sparse.
Diagnosis of children has a habit of pushing the tongue based on the above symptoms by the basic dentist, orthodontist, pediatric dentist, periodontist and speech therapist.
However, the diagnosis is not always easy. In many cases, these symptoms are only discovered until the child goes to the orthodontist or pediatric dentist.
2 ways to eliminate tongue pushing habit
Use of instruments in the mouth: this is a specialized treatment appointed by the dentist.
Practicing proper oral habits: is an exercise to train the muscles associated with swallowing reflex by changing the swallowing pattern. Conducted by therapists.
This is the method that brings the highest success rate. However, for effective training, it is necessary to have support devices in the mouth for children to practice. Therefore in treatment often combine both methods.
In cases of pushing the tongue has caused teeth - jaw deviations, depending on the degree of molars and the cause of tongue pushing, orthodontic devices can be used.
If you do not discover the habit of pushing the tongue and plan to practice but only adjust the teeth, when removing the orthodontic instruments, it is easy to relapse.
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