Convulsions In Children
Newborns have very complicated signs of seizures, so they should be taken to a pediatrician, preferably a pediatrician who specializes in neurology.
Some children, usually between 18 and 36 months of age, have a seizure when their fever is present. Convulsions usually do not last long (less than 10 minutes).
End of seizures after 2 weeks of recording EEG shows normal. Often this is a seizure caused by a benign fever, not a epilepsy, requiring no treatment
Prophylaxis should be prevented by avoiding high fever: early and thorough treatment of infectious diseases, and antipyretic drugs for high fever. During an attack, a special drug Diazepam can be inserted into the baby's anus.
However, sometimes meningitis with fever and convulsions, then convulsions with fever is a manifestation of dangerous disease, requiring hospitalization for timely treatment
In order to distinguish, one must pay attention to whether the child has a stiff neck, and whether the state of consciousness is disturbed (lethargy?).
Electrolyte disorders (especially hyponatremia), high blood urea, encephalitis, brain malformations ... are other causes of seizures in children.
Some children with epilepsy who actually have no fever also have seizures. Infantile spasms, also known as West syndrome by doctors, include 3 manifestations: strong muscle convulsions before the age of 1 year, brain development, and brain power You have high-voltage arrhythmia.
A seizure manifests itself in a sudden movement of the baby bent back, arms and legs straightened out, like Muslims are praying, so it is also called salaam
The attack lasts only a few seconds, several times a day.
Sometimes the opposite: the baby arches his back and tilts his head. This is a very serious disease after all.
Children aged 2 to 5 years who may have had the above salaam, but also have large seizures and other types of unconscious episodes that occur several times a day, are called Lennox syndrome - Gastaut.
If the EEG is recorded, the recording is in the form of a ‘slow-wave spikes’. This is also a serious disease, must be treated by a neurologist.
Often used Gardenal, or some other drug as in adults. Recent medical literature often mentions Felbamate medicine.
In addition to the two serious syndromes mentioned above (West syndrome and Lennox - Gastaut syndrome), the majority of children with epilepsy are due to major seizures, are similar in adults, and the treatment is nearly equivalent.
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